Definition of solvent in English:

solvent

Syllabification: sol·vent
Pronunciation: /ˈsälvənt
 
/

adjective

1Having assets in excess of liabilities; able to pay one’s debts: interest rate rises have very severe effects on normally solvent companies
More example sentences
  • Therefore, credit spreads tend to zero for the short-term debt of a solvent firm.
  • It simply decides that on the facts of that case the parent company in question had a legitimate interest in preserving and maximising the assets of its solvent subsidiary.
  • WorldCom, although still very much in operation, has been losing market share to its solvent rivals.
Synonyms
financially sound, debt-free, in the black, in credit, creditworthy, solid, secure, profit-making; Financeunleveraged
2 [attributive] Able to dissolve other substances: osmotic, chemical, or solvent action
More example sentences
  • Some examples of solvent chemicals are paint thinners, most penetrating sealers, D-Limonene, and alcohol.
  • Four different solvent media were considered: octane, tetrahydrofuran, acetonitrile, and water.
  • Sometimes surfactants are mixed into solvent sealers so that the residue will mix with water for easier cleanup afterwards.

noun

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1The liquid in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution.
More example sentences
  • If less solute is added to the solvent then the solution is said to be unsaturated.
  • The substance that is dissolved into the solvent is the solute.
  • The solute is placed in the solvent and the concentrated solute slowly breaks into pieces.
1.1A liquid, typically one other than water, used for dissolving other substances.
More example sentences
  • They're used in petroleum refining, removal of water from organic solvents, and other industrial processes.
  • Since the tested flavonoids are not directly soluble in water, some organic solvents were used as agents for their dissolution.
  • Due to the hydrophobic nature of elastin, this amorphous, cross-linked protein is insoluble in water and many organic solvents.
1.2Something that acts to weaken or dispel a particular attitude or situation: an unrivaled solvent of social prejudices
More example sentences
  • As a result, rock music became a powerful solvent of the state's credibility and power to inspire loyalty.
  • Thus free markets are the great solvent of prejudice.
  • It ensures individual autonomy of a sort, but also acts as a major solvent of local Aboriginal authority structures.

Origin

mid 17th century: from Latin solvent- 'loosening, unfastening, paying', from the verb solvere.

Derivatives

solvency

noun
More example sentences
  • He might be talking about simple bank solvency and credit creation.
  • It is invisible money, the symbols of solvency like credit cards, which will give you access to the trimmings of modern life.
  • He rejected any suggestion that the company was ‘in denial’ about its solvency and reserving responsibilities.

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