Definition of species in English:
noun (plural same)
- As in Darwin's theory of natural selection, a species must adjust to survive.
- This was supposed to be representative of the very best our species was capable of achieving?
- Organisms of a particular species all have the same genes but have different alleles.
- Most writers deny thinking of a specific reader, or of a species called readers when writing.
- In an industry where song writers are a rare species, Louie X has come to stand-out as one of the most song writers of note.
Late Middle English: from Latin, literally 'appearance, form, beauty', from specere 'to look'.
The connection may not be immediately obvious, but species is based on Latin specere ‘to look’. The Latin root is reflected in some of the early uses of the word, such as ‘the outward look or appearance of something’, or ‘an image or reflection’. Over time this idea of the visible form of something developed into the more general notion of a thing's ‘type’ or ‘kind’. See also female. Other English words based on Latin specere or the related verb spectare include special (Middle English); spectator (late 16th century); spectre (early 17th century) (literally ‘an appearance’); specimen (early 17th century); and spy (Middle English). Another is spectacle (ME in the sense ‘a show’)—a spectacle, originally used in the singular, was a term for a device to assist eyesight as far back as the 15th century. In one of his sermons written in 1628, the poet and preacher John Donne thanked the man ‘that assists me with a Spectacle when my sight grows old’.
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