(also splenius muscle)
noun (plural splenii /-nēˌī/)Anatomy
Any of two pairs of muscles attached to the vertebrae in the neck and upper back that draw back the head.
- Rhomboideus-occipitalis passes between trapezius and splenius to reach the occipital bone.
- The patient underwent magnetic resonance imaging with contrast, which showed the mass to be well circumscribed and located between the right splenius and semispinalis cervicis muscles.
- The splenius represents a superficial prolongation of the lateral column of muscle to the head.
Mid 18th century: modern Latin, from Greek splēnion 'bandage'.
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