- A widespread coniferous tree that has a distinctive conical shape and hanging cones, widely grown for timber, pulp, and Christmas trees.
More example sentences
- Genus Picea, family Pinaceae: many species
- The best trees to plant with wildlife in mind are cherry and mulberry for their fruits, pines and spruces for their seed-bearing cones and deciduous trees that vary in size and density.
- This nest is usually in a spruce or other conifer and may be 4'40 feet up.
- ‘I wanted my husband to plant a big spruce so that at Christmas I could decorate it with lights,’ she says.
late Middle English (denoting Prussia or something originating in Prussia): alteration of obsolete Pruce 'Prussia.' The application to the tree dates from the early 17th century.
- Neat in dress and appearance: he looked as spruce as if he were getting marriedMore example sentences
- In outward appearance, he was a cherubically round man, about 45, in a spruce pinstripe suit and a new blue tie.
- To turn up at County Hall looking dapper and spruce would have been to strike a false, jarring note of misplaced optimism.
- The place has also recently been restored and so is looking quite spruce.
verb[with object] (spruce someone/something up) Back to top
- Make a person or place smarter or tidier: the fund will be used to spruce up historic buildingsMore example sentences
- The existing factory buildings have been spruced up to house exhibition, workshop and office spaces.
- A further £200,000 will be spent sprucing up the city's war memorials and a plaque will be put up by the Cenotaph - listing, for the first time, soldiers killed on active duty since the Second World War.
- The council has adopted a 12-month strategy aimed at sprucing up the city's streets.
- More example sentences
- The boys were sprucely dressed in the customary costume of shirt, breeches, stockings and shiny black shoes.
- He is dressed sprucely, except for his rubber overshoes, evidences of the chill, watery Parisian spring.
- At a glance one would have described them as middle-class and lower middle-class men with their wives and children sprucely dressed in their Sunday best.
late 16th century: perhaps from spruce1 in the obsolete sense 'Prussian', in the phrase spruce (leather) jerkin.
Entry from British & World English dictionary