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synovial

Syllabification: syn·o·vi·al
Pronunciation: /səˈnōvēəl
 
/

Definition of synovial in English:

adjective

Relating to or denoting a type of joint that is surrounded by a thick flexible membrane forming a sac into which is secreted a viscous fluid that lubricates the joint.
Example sentences
  • Synovial membranes lining the inside of the joint produce synovial fluid that provides nutrition to articular cartilage.
  • The elbow joint is a synovial hinge joint limited to flexion and extension.
  • Theories include vascular insufficiency or micro-fractures of the subchondral plate, with synovial fluid being forced from the synovial space into the bone.

Origin

mid 18th century: from modern Latin synovia, probably formed arbitrarily by Paracelsus.

Definition of synovial in:

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