Definition of synthesis in English:

synthesis

Syllabification: syn·the·sis
Pronunciation: /ˈsinTHəsis
 
/

noun (plural syntheses /-ˌsēz/)

  • 1Combination or composition, in particular.
  • 1.1The combination of ideas to form a theory or system: the synthesis of intellect and emotion in his work the ideology represented a synthesis of certain ideas Often contrasted with analysis.
    More example sentences
    • Papers cited, many of which are either specific references to original ideas or syntheses of broad areas or topics, contain extensive bibliographic references to original data sources.
    • I think a productive blog session would consciously use analyses like this as well as syntheses that provide the substance for such findings.
    • He had plenty to play with: Postwar America was full of new musical syntheses.
    Synonyms
  • 1.2The production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials: the synthesis of methanol from carbon monoxide and hydrogen
    More example sentences
    • Polymerization is another type of chemical reaction employed in organic synthesis to couple small monomeric units into a much larger chain.
    • Other compounds function in chemical analysis and in synthesis in a chemistry laboratory of organic compounds.
    • The advent of chemistry and chemical synthesis, however, saw their steady decline.
  • 1.3(In Hegelian philosophy) the final stage in the process of dialectical reasoning, in which a new idea resolves the conflict between thesis and antithesis.
    More example sentences
    • It is also to be noted that the dialectical process is not simply from thesis and antithesis to final synthesis; it is an eternal, open-ended spiral of development.
    • This antithesis found its synthesis in Stoicism, the philosophy of both master and slave… and so on.
    • Every synthesis becomes a new thesis, which becomes the target of a new antithesis.
  • 1.4 Grammar The process of making compound and derivative words.
  • 1.5 Linguistics The use of inflected forms rather than word order to express grammatical structure.

Derivatives

synthesist

noun
More example sentences
  • The decision to test empirically the impact of methodology on research results does not relieve the synthesist of all evaluation responsibilities.
  • The synthesist of economic theory of the middle of the century, John Stuart Mill, had only the most marginal academic connections.

Origin

early 17th century: via Latin from Greek sunthesis, from suntithenai 'place together'.

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