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taenia

Syllabification: tae·ni·a
Pronunciation: /ˈtēnēə
 
/
(also tenia)

Definition of taenia in English:

noun (plural taeniae /-nēˌē, -nēˌī/ or taenias)

1 Anatomy A flat ribbonlike structure in the body.
Example sentences
  • These sites lie always between the mesenteric tenia and the two antimesenteric teniae, so that the diverticula form rows along the lateral surfaces of the organ.
  • The longitudinal muscle layer continues between the teniae as a thin but complete coat.
  • Here, we have shown the pilae ossifying dorsally, as an irregular sheet of bone running roughly between the pila antotica and a similar band of cartilage which comes off the top of the otic capsule, the taenia marginalis.
1.1 (taeniae coli /ˈkōlī/) The smooth longitudinal muscles of the colon.
Example sentences
  • Bundles of muscle from the teniae coli penetrate the circular layer at irregular intervals.
  • The three taeniae coli converge at the base of the vermiform appendix on the cecum.
  • Hanging off the taeniae coli are pouches called epiploic appendages.
2 Architecture A fillet between a Doric architrave and frieze.
3(In ancient Greece) a band or ribbon worn around a person’s head.
4A large tapeworm that parasitizes mammals.
  • Genus Taenia, class Cestoda: several species, in particular T. saginata and T. soleum

Origin

mid 16th century (sense 2): via Latin from Greek tainia 'band, ribbon'.

Derivatives

taenioid

1
Pronunciation: /-nēˌoid/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The tumor cell was found to be restiform and tenioid and it showed characteristics of carcinoid.
  • The shape of the hooks was typical of taenioid cestodes, most resembling hooks.
  • The rostellum is normally present, rarely absent, and is armed with two alternating rows of hooks of characteristic taenioid shape.

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