Definition of temperament in English:

temperament

Syllabification: tem·per·a·ment
Pronunciation: /ˈtemp(ə)rəmənt
 
/

noun

  • 1A person’s or animal’s nature, especially as it permanently affects their behavior: she had an artistic temperament
    More example sentences
    • One's diet for example, can affect the body's temperaments and thus influence ones's intellectual moral character.
    • Planetary characteristics are defined by these humoural temperaments where, as in nature, warmth and moisture promote health and vitality whilst cold and dryness are conducive to decay.
    • In Hinduism you have many deities with various temperaments and nature, so you have the luxury of choosing and bonding with the deity which suits your nature.
  • 1.1The tendency to behave angrily or emotionally: he had begun to show signs of temperament
    More example sentences
    • Women with the aspect often have an excessively emotional temperament.
    • His emotional and dramatic temperament is well suited to the imaginative and affective dimensions of Ignatian prayer.
    • But his volatile temperament sometimes landed him in serious trouble with the authorities.
  • 2The adjustment of intervals in tuning a piano or other musical instrument so as to fit the scale for use in different keys; in equal temperament, the octave consists of twelve equal semitones.
    More example sentences
    • The whole topic of temperament and tuning is sensibly presented, and there are even hints on the purchase and care of instruments.
    • In this equal temperament system of tuning, the frequencies of notes on a keyboard are related by a fairly simple mathematical relationship involving the number of keys (half-steps) between the notes.
    • The middle octave on the piano is shown as a standard example of equal temperament.

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin temperamentum 'correct mixture', from temperare 'mingle'. In early use the word was synonymous with the noun temper.

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