A sweet-tasting protein isolated from a West African fruit (Thaumatococcus danielli, family Marantaceae), used as a sweetener in food.
- Intense sweeteners permitted for use in Australian and New Zealand foods are acesulphame potassium, aspartame, cyclamates, saccharin, sucralose, alitame, thaumatin and neotame (code number yet to be finalised).
- In the above examples, the amount of thaumatin can be replaced by about 2.5 times the amount of monellin.
- The method includes the mechanical dissolution of the fiber parts containing thaumatin and, since the protein is very easy to dissolve in water, the aqueous extraction.
1970s: from modern Latin thaumat- (from Greek thauma, thaumat- 'marvel') + -in1.
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