Definition of throw in English:

throw

Syllabification: throw
Pronunciation: /THrō
 
/

verb (throws, throwing; past threw /THro͞o/; past participle thrown /THrōn/)

1 [with object] Propel (something) with force through the air by a movement of the arm and hand: I threw a brick through the window
More example sentences
  • He said the boys threw lumps of concrete and bricks at his client's window and doors.
  • In once lightening movement she threw a dagger from her boot towards the soldier.
  • He palmed another stone and threw it again, with more force.
Synonyms
hurl, toss, fling, pitch, cast, lob, launch, catapult, project, propel; bowl
informal chuck, heave, sling, peg, let fly with
1.1 [with object or complement] Push or force (someone or something) violently and suddenly into a particular physical position or state: the pilot and one passenger were thrown clear and survived the door was thrown open, and a uniformed guard entered the room
More example sentences
  • With that, a force suddenly threw us both out of the circle again.
  • Suddenly the ship was thrown violently to the right.
  • His SUV was suddenly thrown to the side violently when a truck came barreling down from the left side of the intersection.
1.2Put in place or erect quickly: the stewards had thrown a cordon across the fairway
More example sentences
  • A police cordon will be thrown around streets near Bank station on Sunday and the incident will also involve staff at University College Hospital.
  • A tight security cordon has been thrown up around the centre to secure the privacy of relatives of the missing.
  • One time I went down and went to the house and walked through the Secret Service cordon that had been thrown around the house.
1.3Move (a part of the body) quickly or suddenly in a particular direction: she threw her head back and laughed
More example sentences
  • He cleared his throat, thumped on his chest a bit, then threw his arms out wide.
  • Her arms were thrown up in the air in exasperation, she turning away momentarily.
  • Without stopping his movement, Trent threw his arms around Ally and she did the same to him.
1.4Project or cast (light or shadow) in a particular direction: a chandelier threw its bright light over the walls
More example sentences
  • The men cross the dunes; afternoon light throws long shadows onto the scrub.
  • The light threw shadows around the cluttered room as I rubbed my eyes, and sighed at the lines on the drawing board.
  • She watched the shadow that was thrown on the wall.
1.5Deliver (a punch).
More example sentences
  • She took several steps and threw a quick right punch at the man, but he side stepped and grabbed her arm.
  • You smash them until they are unable to make a fist, much less throw a punch.
  • The first punch I threw at Rusty landed, but he managed to block everything else.
Synonyms
1.6Direct (a particular kind of look or facial expression): she threw a withering glance at him
More example sentences
  • I guessed he must be getting his fair share of the evil eye too, if the bewildered expression he threw her was anything to go by.
  • He threw one last glance in the direction Cat had gone before yelling ‘Come and get me, you worms!’
Synonyms
direct, cast, send, dart, shoot
1.7Project (one’s voice) so that it appears to come from someone or something else, as in ventriloquism.
More example sentences
  • He points it at them and uses it as a ventriloquist's dummy, throwing his voice into it and waggling it about to make it look as though they're talking.
1.8 (throw something off/on) Put on or take off a garment hastily: I threw on my housecoat and went to the door
More example sentences
  • Some of the villagers went into a panic, and hastily threw some clothing on and tried to run.
  • I frantically scramble out of bed and throw some clothes on whilst yelling ‘Hang on a sec!’
  • He threw them on and slipped on some black loafers next to his bed.
1.9Move (a switch or lever) so as to operate a device.
More example sentences
  • Danby reached for it, but Nikola stretched his hand out toward the device and threw a switch.
  • At the trolley portal the operator had to manually throw the switch using a switch iron.
  • When the parents arrive it's as if a switch has been thrown and behaviour patterns set back twenty or more years.
1.10Roll (dice).
More example sentences
  • It was an interruption of his concentration upon the interminable playing of dominoes, or cards, or throwing dice.
  • The sample plot in Figure 1 is the outcome of a pair of dice thrown a large number of times.
  • People are chattering and laughing; dice are being thrown; there is the constant clattering of mah-jong tiles.
1.11Obtain (a specified number) by rolling dice.
More example sentences
  • Finally he took the dice and started throwing an endless number of points.
1.12 informal Lose (a race or contest) intentionally, especially in return for a bribe.
More example sentences
  • I've been wondering for a while whether he was persuaded to take a bribe in return for throwing the match.
  • The case is based on tapes of a conversation in which police say he discussed payments for himself and others in return for throwing a match.
  • We are in no way imputing that he tried to bribe him to throw a match.
2 [with object] Cause to enter suddenly a particular state or condition: he threw all her emotions into turmoil the bond market was thrown into confusion
More example sentences
  • This is about the fifth time in three years that the place has been thrown into utter confusion.
  • The airport, which had to be shut down for two hours, was thrown into confusion as news of the incident reached passengers.
  • The next morning, Alexis woke early and was instantly thrown into confusion at the presence of the blanket.
2.1Put (someone) in a particular place or state, especially in a rough, abrupt, or summary fashion: these guys should be thrown in jail
More example sentences
  • While he was on his way home the police stopped him, roughed him up some more, and threw him into a jail cell.
  • The next day, my girlfriend told me the news but assured me that we were small fish to the cops, who were more interested in shutting down our agency than in throwing us all in jail.
  • He bragged of his ability to throw anyone in jail at whim.
2.2Disconcert; confuse: she frowned, thrown by this apparent change of tack
More example sentences
  • But I wasn't, so I just carried on with the show, a little shaken and thrown.
  • That's why I was so thrown off when the door suddenly opened and I ended up falling hard against something very warm.
  • He is momentarily thrown by the comparison, but quickly warms to the topic.
Synonyms
disconcert, unnerve, fluster, ruffle, agitate, discomfit, put off, throw off balance, discountenance, unsettle, confuse
informal rattle, faze, flummox, baffle, befuddle, discombobulate
3 [with object] Send (one’s opponent) to the ground in wrestling, judo, or similar activity.
More example sentences
  • He had a small body but he did marvelous judo, and could throw larger opponents without using any power.
  • The art also emphasizes throwing the opponent - much like in judo - as well as various arm locks.
  • He had a disastrous opening performance on Monday in the wrestling, being thrown by Romeo, who took an early lead in the competition.
3.1(Of a horse) unseat (its rider).
More example sentences
  • He added it was dangerous to have an eagle with a mounted hunt, as it could lead to a horse throwing a rider.
  • The accident happened at 10.30 am last Saturday when a horse threw its rider, who wore a helmet.
  • This horse likes to throw his riders; I knew he had something in store for me.
Synonyms
3.2(Of a horse) lose (a shoe).
More example sentences
  • Just before arriving in the village, her majesty's horse threw a shoe and she walked her animal the rest of the way to the stable to have it looked at.
  • Horses throw shoes, eat food and destroy tack at an alarming rate.
3.3(Of an animal) give birth to (young, of a specified kind): sometimes a completely black calf is thrown
4 [with object] Form (ceramic ware) on a potter’s wheel: further on, a potter was throwing pots
More example sentences
  • The pots are turned on a wheel, much as ceramic pots are thrown.
  • Similarly, simple examination of a pottery vessel should reveal whether it was hand-coiled or thrown on a wheel.
  • I used to throw on the wheel, but have let it go in favor of handbuilding.
4.1Turn (wood or other material) on a lathe.
4.2Twist (silk or other fabrics) into thread or yarn.
5 [with object] Have (a fit or tantrum).
More example sentences
  • There is a tendency to throw temperamental fits and tantrums, which are often directed at close associates and loved ones.
  • There'll be grades to keep up, growing up to do, boys to handle, hearts to mend, even to be broken, tantrums to be thrown.
  • In fact, I'm not sure I've ever seen anyone throw such a tantrum.
6 [with object] Give or hold (a party).
More example sentences
  • The throng enjoyed a huge party thrown by the host committee at the city's aquarium following Media Day.
  • My brother's also throwing a huge party tonight and half the island's population will be there.
  • His best friend Andy was throwing a huge Christmas party, and since he was home on break he decided to go.
Synonyms
give, host, hold, have, provide, put on, lay out, arrange, organize

noun

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1An act of throwing something: Jeter’s throw to first base was too late
More example sentences
  • A steal from last June, the southpaw started the inning with a 93 mph fastball, the only velocity the pitch hit in four throws.
  • By the way, whenever umpires are hit by throws, the ball remains alive and hopefully so does the umpire.
  • They are happily engrossed in their game, though there is no audience to see and applaud a great throw or a neat catch or a lovely shot.
Synonyms
lob, pitch; go, turn; bowl, ball
1.1An act of throwing one’s opponent in wrestling, judo, or similar sport: a shoulder throw
More example sentences
  • After a couple of years, adults become strong and have enough endurance to be ready to practice the more vigorous judo throws and pins.
  • Though he was said to have a high judo rank, his throws didn't resemble judo techniques.
  • Many of the throws in Judo will simply not work if you don't time them correctly.
2A light cover for furniture.
More example sentences
  • The home collection consists of soft furnishing products ranging from bed throws to duvet covers to cushions curtain panels and table linen.
  • Stretching wide and stifling a yawn he threw back the several throws and duvets that covered him.
  • I sit down on the low sofa, covered by an afghan throw.
2.1 short for throw rug.
3 short for roll of the dice (see dice).
More example sentences
  • But it was made clear to him that his recommendation would be the final throw.
  • It is a work like no other and, with the first performance taking place in 1761, is pretty much the final throw of the Baroque.
  • Similarly, Calvary was the final throw in Satan's power-bid for world dominion.
4 Geology The extent of vertical displacement between the two sides of a fault.
More example sentences
  • In addition, large-scale isoclinal folds and normal faults with throws exceeding 10m locally occur.
  • The cumulative throw across the South Alkyonides Fault decreases towards its western and eastern ends.
  • The lavas are cut by steep normal faults which have a maximum throw of a few hundred metres at slow spreading centres, and smaller throws at faster spreading rates.
5 [usually in singular] The action or motion, or the extent of such motion, of a slide valve, crank, eccentric wheel, or cam.
5.1The distance moved by the pointer of an instrument.
6 (a throw) informal Used to indicate how much a single item, turn, or attempt costs: he was offering to draw on-the-spot portraits at $25 a throw
More example sentences
  • Conduit reckons its service will be cheaper than many rival services with calls costing from 20p a throw, compared to nearer 40p.
  • With tickets costing between £50 and £80 a throw, the entertainment can seem extravagant for a bunch of dribbling toddlers.
  • Although they look as if they could be done by children, they still cost about £300,000 a throw.

Origin

Old English thrāwan 'to twist, turn'; related to Dutch draaien and German drehen, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin terere 'to rub', Greek teirein 'wear out'. sense 1 of the verb, expressing propulsion and sudden action, dates from Middle English.

Phrases

be thrown back on

Be forced to rely on (something) because there is no alternative: we are once again thrown back on the resources of our imagination
More example sentences
  • ‘Since the experts cancelled each other out, I was thrown back on my own resources to weigh the different arguments and decide for myself,’ he said in one interview.
  • What this means is that there's not a lot of colour to the work, whatever musical pleasures appear are swiftly truncated and the audience is thrown back on the text.
  • It's not easy being thrown back on the dole again, and I don't know what I'm going to do.

throw away the key

Used to suggest that someone who has been put in prison should or will never be released: the judge should lock up these robbers and throw away the key
More example sentences
  • Society needs to rehabilitate sex offenders instead of just locking them up and throwing away the key, a prison governor said yesterday.
  • And give this guy his day in court and forget about him and put him in jail and throw away the key, as far as I'm concerned.
  • He was going to sling me into jail and throw away the key.

throw the baby out with the bathwater

see baby.

throw something back in someone's face

see face.

throw the book at

see book.

throw cold water on

see cold.

throw down the gauntlet

throw someone for a loop

see loop.

throw dust in someone's eyes

Seek to mislead or deceive someone by misrepresentation or distraction.
More example sentences
  • It has been terribly easy to throw dust in our eyes in the past.
  • It was easy enough to throw dust in his eyes and to persuade him that the interests of respectable citizens, be they bailiffs or ex-dukes were identical.
  • You shall not throw dust in my eyes that way!

throw good money after bad

Incur further loss in a hopeless attempt to recoup a previous loss.
More example sentences
  • And after two years of losses, some investors are unwilling to throw good money after bad.
  • In Scotland, where the higher spend has not so far resulted in the hoped-for Great Leap Forward, the fear is that in shelling out even more, taxpayers will indeed be throwing good money after bad, with no guarantee of improvements.
  • The public need to become much more aware that they could be throwing good money after bad if they buy these plots.

throw one's hand in

Withdraw from a card game, poker, because one has a poor hand.
More example sentences
  • He went all in, caught a couple of kings and threw his hand in without showing.
Withdraw from a contest or activity; give up.
More example sentences
  • She will throw her hand in early when the polls show - amongst democrats - she's a Divider, not a Uniter.

throw in one's lot with

see lot.

throw in the towel (or sponge)

(Of boxers or their seconds) throw a towel (or sponge) into the ring as a token of defeat.
More example sentences
  • The Mexican great saw his challenge end when his corner threw in the towel in the closing seconds of round 11.
  • One of his cornermen surprisingly decided to throw in the towel to spark a 3-way disagreement between his assistant and the fighter himself.
  • He left a trail of blood across the ring before his corner threw in the towel after 15 brutal rounds.
Abandon a struggle; admit defeat.
More example sentences
  • Halfway up, my wife, who is not usually fazed by such challenges, couldn't face the prospect of struggling down again and so threw in the towel.
  • If you're struggling to get through your workout, throw in the towel for the day instead of beating up your body even more.
  • If it's us that throws in the towel, then life gets really rough for the locals and our reputation goes in the toilet.

throw light on

see light1.

throw money at something

see money.

throw of the dice

see dice.
More example sentences
  • It is very, very tight and we know we've just got one throw of the dice.
  • ‘The stakes are too high and our future too important to be gambled on a reckless throw of the dice,’ he said.
  • His appointment as coach in July last year, once seen as a desperate throw of the dice, looks an ever more shrewd choice.

throw oneself on someone's mercy

see mercy.
More example sentences
  • ‘I fear we're going to be throwing ourselves upon Aurora's mercy,’ he confided.
  • I throw myself upon his mercy and beseech him to shelter me and my man-servant from those who would seal our doom!
  • There is one who gave into her demands and slew the one who threw herself upon his mercy.

throw up one's hands

Raise both hands in the air as an indication of one’s exasperation.
More example sentences
  • Her owner, one of the 400 aspiring actors on our block, sort of throws up her hands in dramatic exasperation when this happens.
  • Many legislators are just throwing up their hands.
  • But not everyone is throwing up their hands over the issue.

throw one's weight around

see weight.

throw one's weight behind

see weight.

Phrasal verbs

throw money around

Spend money freely and ostentatiously.
More example sentences
  • You wouldn't avoid saving money just because some other people throw money around, I presume.
  • I figure the way you're throwing money around, nobody will notice.
  • It may well be that airline travel for the masses simply isn't a workable entity without a red-hot economic boom to encourage companies to throw money around like water.

throw oneself at

Appear too eager to become the sexual partner of.
More example sentences
  • He sounded so sure of himself that I had to wonder how many girls readily threw themselves at him, eager for a date.
  • And single, willing men are throwing themselves at me as well, which is getting annoying.
  • I even considered going to his house (a forty-minute drive) some night and throwing myself at him, which is pathetic.

throw something away

1Discard something as useless or unwanted.
More example sentences
  • If you manage to influence the general public enough, society will begin to see throwing a glass bottle away that could otherwise be recycled, as wrong.
  • As I was walking to the rubbish bin to throw the empty bottles away I spotted Leon and Alaina.
  • He stood up and with a slight difference in his walk threw his current bottle away and got a new one out of the fridge.
Synonyms
discard, throw out, dispose of, get rid of, do away with, toss out, scrap, clear out, dump, jettison
informal chuck (away/out), deep-six, ditch
1.1Waste or fail to make use of an opportunity or advantage: I’ve thrown away my chances in life
More example sentences
  • Let's not throw these advantages away by undermining the science education of our young people.
  • This was fuelled by a sense that major opportunities have been thrown away.
  • We are in a better position than what we were earlier this week and we must not throw this chance away.
Synonyms
squander, waste, fritter away, fail to exploit, lose, let slip
informal blow
1.2Discard a playing card in a game.
2(Of an actor) deliver a line with deliberate underemphasis for increased dramatic effect.
More example sentences
  • As the eponymous heroine, she sings well but tries too hard to be cute and clever, and loses a lot of the humour in her part by overstressing her lines rather than throwing them away.

throw something in

1Include something, typically at no extra cost, with something that is being sold or offered: they cut the price by $100 and threw in an AC adaptor
More example sentences
  • They threw it in for free because it's President's Day weekend and I was so chuffed that I clapped my hands in glee.
  • You hire a room to yourselves (kids are thrown in for free), containing a small steam chamber and a big white bath.
  • Wareing, being a generous chap, threw the food in for free.
2Make a remark casually as an interjection in a conversation: he threw in a sensible remark about funding
More example sentences
  • Woven throughout his columns are certain recurring references to objects of American popular culture that are both obscure and perfectly on point when he throws them in.

throw oneself into

Start to do (something) with enthusiasm and vigor: Eve threw herself into her work
More example sentences
  • The teaching staff, who threw themselves into their roles with vigour, never really managed to raise themselves above the level of historical re-enactors.
  • Youth in particular long for something they can throw themselves into with the passion of a martyr.
  • Whatever they do, whether alone or with a partner, they throw themselves into.

throw something off

1Rid oneself of something: he was struggling to throw off a viral-hepatitis problem
More example sentences
  • So, after that I decided to throw them off and I haven't used them since.
Synonyms
strew, cast, scatter, disperse
2Write or utter in an offhand manner: Thomas threw off the question lightly

throw oneself on (or upon)

Attack (someone) vigorously: they threw themselves on the enemy

throw something open

Make something accessible: the market was thrown open to any supplier to compete for contracts
More example sentences
  • But that doesn't mean 35% of the market has been thrown open to real competition.
  • Globalization has meant economic liberalization, which has meant throwing markets open to international competition.
  • The Government has decided it is not the right time to throw the market open.
Invite general discussion of or participation in a subject or a debate or other event: the debate will be thrown open to the audience
More example sentences
  • He rounds things off before throwing the floor open for discussion.
  • After the books have been read out, the floor is thrown open for a no-holds-barred discussion.
  • After an initial introduction about experience and language and the creative space available for a woman, the session was thrown open for discussion.

throw someone out

1Expel someone unceremoniously from a place, organization, or activity.
More example sentences
  • But his dreams were shattered when the organisers threw him out unceremoniously.
  • She threw the rule book out the window when he threw Beverley out of the organisation.
  • If my colleagues knew I was here, I would be thrown out of our organisation, just like that!
Synonyms
expel, eject, evict, drive out, force out, oust, remove; get rid of, depose, topple, unseat, overthrow, bring down, overturn, dislodge, displace, supplant, show someone the door; banish, deport, exile
informal boot out, kick out, give someone the boot
2 Baseball Put out a runner by a throw to the base being approached, followed by a tag.

throw something out

1Discard something as unwanted.
More example sentences
  • I need to throw some rubbish out, then I'm going to have a shower and go.
  • Other artworks were thrown out with the household rubbish.
  • It's really sweet actually but Mom wanted to throw it out because it brought back too many memories of her.
Synonyms
discard, throw away, dispose of, get rid of, do away with, toss out, scrap, clear out, dump, jettison
informal chuck (away/out), deep-six, ditch
2(Of a court, legislature, or other body) dismiss or reject something brought before it: the charges were thrown out by the judge
More example sentences
  • Four of five judges on the court voted to throw the case out, citing procedural errors in her trial.
  • In one of the most remarkably sensible judgments, the appeals court threw the case out on the basis that only those injured - in this case, the rats, mice and birds - can bring civil suit.
  • Are you surprised, Roger, that the federal court threw it out today?
Synonyms
reject, dismiss, turn down, refuse, disallow, veto
informal give the thumbs down to
3Put forward a suggestion tentatively: a suggestion that Dunne threw out caught many a reader’s fancy
More example sentences
  • I asked around, some suggestions were thrown out, and we decided on this one.
4Cause numbers or calculations to become inaccurate: an undisclosed stock option throws out all your figures
More example sentences
  • And the calculations could be thrown out if there was any significant change in the principles according to which judicial remuneration is set.
5Emit or radiate something: a big range fire that threw out heat like a furnace
More example sentences
  • An old manhole cover picked up at a reclamation yard for £8 is propped up at the back to throw the heat out.
6(Of a plant) rapidly develop a side shoot, bud, etc.

throw someone over

Abandon or reject someone as a lover.
More example sentences
  • By the time she gets to 7 months and realises he's not the marrying kind, she throws him over.
  • I've heard so many guys whine about how they can't meet women, how women throw them over for other guys.
  • I assumed that he would rise to the challenge of being with me as I believed he could, and of course no-one thinks their hook-up (even their long-distance hook-up) is going to throw them over for a girl from a third-world country.

throw people together

Bring people into contact, especially by chance.
More example sentences
  • I thought that would be a terrific way to throw people together who would normally not be together.
  • It's a delicate process to throw people together on radio or in life, but with them, it works beautifully.
  • It will help break the ice by throwing people together for some healthy competition.

throw something together

Make or produce something hastily, without careful planning or arrangement: the meal was quickly thrown together at news of Rose’s arrival
More example sentences
  • I will throw some things together and we will meet you out there!
  • Anyway, guess who had to drop everything - including his beloved blog - and scramble to throw something together on the fly?
  • I'm thinking I might try and throw something together as well.

throw up

Vomit.
More example sentences
  • Of the four of us at least one has been throwing up or coughing all through the night pretty much constantly.
  • I knocked on the door gently, but it seemed that Andrea was sick and was throwing up.
  • Sven ate about half, out of pure hunger, but then felt sick and threw up into the garbage can.

throw something up

1Abandon or give up something, especially one’s job: why has he thrown up a promising career in politics?
2 informal Vomit something one has eaten or drunk.
More example sentences
  • And then they're sick and kind of throw it up.
  • As soon as I ate a bag of my favourite crisps, I would feel the urge and need to just bring myself to throw them up again.
3Produce something and bring it to notice: he saw the prayers of the Church as a living and fruitful tradition that threw up new ideas
More example sentences
  • My source explained the headline-writing process: ‘Sometimes the germ of an idea is thrown up and kicked into shape by the executive-level night editor on the back bench.’
  • The consultation process on the Water Bill which will go to the Scottish parliament is drawing to a close and some interesting ideas have been thrown up.
  • Interesting ideas were thrown up on forging identities.
4Erect a building or structure hastily.
More example sentences
  • This is living as if we mean to stay, not actually throwing buildings up as quickly as possible, as cheaply as possible and, in an energy sense, as frivolously as possible.

Derivatives

throwable

adjective
More example sentences
  • He didn't come here to become a throwable statue.
  • Before reading this piece, make sure you haven't just eaten, and that there are no throwable objects within reach.
  • Just to be safe I'll store anything throwable in the cellar, though.

thrower

noun
More example sentences
  • Soon the ancient valley echoed to the sounds of grunting throwers, whose shots raised puffs of dust as they landed with a thud on the bare, sun-baked earth.
  • As a result, we have four different training groups: sprinters, distance runners, throwers, and jumpers.
  • It is also generally inadequate for throwers and jumpers because there is no space for the equipment required.

Definition of throw in:

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Word of the day dinkum
Pronunciation: ˈdiNGkəm
adjective
(of an article or person) genuine