Definition of trauma in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈtroumə/
Pronunciation: /ˈtrômə/

noun (plural traumas or traumata /-mətə/)

1A deeply distressing or disturbing experience: a personal trauma like the death of a child
More example sentences
  • She has a dark, dark secret that would twist the mind of any cat that has experienced the traumas she has, and seen the things she's seen.
  • Students are encouraged to experience university challenges as traumas.
  • I, too, experienced the traumas of trying to enter the world of journalism.
1.1Emotional shock following a stressful event or a physical injury, which may be associated with physical shock and sometimes leads to long-term neurosis.
Example sentences
  • It was the custody that caused the mother and son to suffer the severe emotional trauma that led to the suicide, she added.
  • Many suffer emotional trauma from the shock of leaving home and being forced into a relationship too early.
  • This is in addition to the increased shock and trauma such events would have upon the release of these men.
shock, upheaval, distress, stress, strain, pain, anguish, suffering, upset, agony, misery, sorrow, grief, heartache, heartbreak, torture;
ordeal, trial, tribulation, trouble, worry, anxiety;
nightmare, hell, hellishness;
2 Medicine Physical injury.
Example sentences
  • The common abdominal injuries after blunt trauma are those to the spleen, liver, and kidneys.
  • Other causes are trauma, iatrogenic injury, popliteal aneurysm, and aortic dissection.
  • The county medical examiner said the boy died of blunt force trauma, a fractured skull and bruised brain.
injury, damage, wound;
cut, laceration, lesion, abrasion, contusion


Late 17th century: from Greek, literally 'wound'.

  • This is an English use of a Greek word meaning literally ‘wound’. It was transferred to the notion of a ‘mental wound’ in the late 19th century.

Words that rhyme with trauma

dormer, former, korma, Norma, performer, pro-forma, stormer, transformer, warmer

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: trau·ma

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