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trypsin

Syllabification: tryp·sin
Pronunciation: /ˈtripsin
 
/

Definition of trypsin in English:

noun

Biochemistry
A digestive enzyme that breaks down proteins in the small intestine. It is secreted by the pancreas in an inactive form, trypsinogen.
Example sentences
  • Many people take extra doses of naturally produced enzymes, such as lactase, pepsin and trypsin, in supplement form.
  • When the two loops in trypsin were changed into chymotrypsin loops, the hybrid protein shows chymotrypsin-like cooperatvity.
  • We found that both trypsin and elastase digestion eliminated counterbend formation.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek tripsis 'friction', from tribein 'to rub' (because it was first obtained by rubbing down the pancreas with glycerine), + -in1.

Derivatives

tryptic

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • For instance, the mean number of tryptic peptides per protein for E. coli is 28, but 42 for C. elegans, so the fragmentation patterns expected for a typical protein will the different in the different organisms.
  • Accordingly, I started preparing and characterizing tryptic hemoglobin peptides that contained the highly visible heme group.
  • In the first experiment, a fresh aliquot of intact actin was added to the tryptic digestion reaction of actin that has proceeded for 30 min.

Definition of trypsin in:

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