Definition of turn in English:

turn

Syllabification: turn
Pronunciation: /tərn
 
/

verb

1Move or cause to move in a circular direction wholly or partly around an axis or point: [no object]: the big wheel was turning [with object]: I turned the key in the door and crept in
More example sentences
  • The most striking design element of the atrium is the circular stair that turns 180 degrees between floors.
  • Inside, a large circular stone is rapidly turning and grinding dried corn kernels into flour, using only the power of the running water.
  • Before Copernicus, medieval scholars solemnly concluded that the Earth couldn't possibly be moving and turning.
Synonyms
go around, round, negotiate, take
1.1 [with object] Move (something) so that it is in a different position in relation to its surroundings or its previous position: we waited in suspense for him to turn the cards over
More example sentences
  • Alex turned the paper several different ways, trying to figure out which way was up.
  • Andy snorted again, turning the rag a different direction.
  • I found myself turning a box of cards around so the Virgin Mary wouldn't have to witness me buying skeleton candy.
1.2 [with object] Move (a page) over so that it is flat against the previous or next page: she turned a page noisily [no object]: turn to page five for the answer
More example sentences
  • It turns a very sad page in the history of this government.
  • She turned a few more pages until she came across some recipes for low fat treats.
  • The page had to be turned, he argued, in the interests of the nation.
Synonyms
flip over, flick through, leaf through
1.3Change or cause to change direction: [no object]: we turned around and headed back to the house
More example sentences
  • Give us your take on St. Petersburg as a whole and the first time ever that the IndyCar Series cars turned both right and left.
  • They turned round once more towards Holme and drove slowly back to the spot.
  • Then he said the car turned towards the pavement but the driver appeared to change her mind at the last minute.
Synonyms
1.4 [with object] Aim, point, or direct (something): she turned her head toward me the government has now turned its attention to primary schools
More example sentences
  • She scoffed his direction as she turned her head toward her sandwich once more.
  • I hopped up quickly, cautiously moving around, rolling my eyes in every direction, turning my head every which way.
  • During the mating season, birds' attention turns toward nesting.
Synonyms
aim at, point at, level at, direct at, train on
1.5 [no object] Change the position of one’s body so that one is facing in a different direction: Charlie turned and looked at his friend
More example sentences
  • My hips and body are turning faster, which knocks my timing out.
  • I shook my head, turning away from the body that she held limply.
  • He turned and used his body as a barrier between her and the ball, moving from side to side to try and get around her.
1.6 [no object] (Of the tide) change from flood to ebb or vice versa.
More example sentences
  • Dracula called in a fog to keep the boat docked until after the tide turned, so that he could board it.
  • Following the destruction of the American fleet at Pearl Harbour, the tide had slowly turned.
  • However, with today's Law Lords decision and the government's defeat on detention without charge the tide may finally be turning.
1.7 [with object] Pass around (the flank or defensive lines of an army) so as to attack it from the side or rear.
More example sentences
  • With almost 80,000 men Wellington outnumbered the French, and tried to pin Joseph to his position by a frontal attack while turning his flank.
1.8 [with object] Perform (a somersault or cartwheel).
More example sentences
  • More than that, she adds, being able to balance on her hands, to turn cartwheels, to tumble and flip is part of who she is.
  • The fourth, and possibly most pertinent, question is whether young girls today ever turn cartwheels.
  • Moray eels shout at you in silent warning from their crevices and rays have been known to turn somersault.
1.9 [with object] Twist or sprain (an ankle).
More example sentences
  • One person twisted or turned his or her ankle.
  • Sprained ankles commonly result from tripping or turning the ankle the wrong way.
  • The beachside is a mess, and Hillary for one would not like to risk a stroll along the seafront in case of turning my finely turned ankle.
Synonyms
1.10 [with object] Fold or unfold (fabric or a piece of a garment) in the specified way: he turned up the collar of his coat
1.11 [with object] Remake (a garment or a sheet), putting the worn outer side on the inside.
1.12 [with object] (usually as adjective turned) Printing Set or print (a type or letter) upside down.
1.13 [with object] archaic Bend back (the edge of a blade) so as to make it blunt.
2 [no object] Change in nature, state, form, or color; become: Emmeline turned pale
More example sentences
  • He walked down the street just as the slight drizzle turned into a moderate downpour.
  • Artemis simply smiled at her and she could see his face turn a slight pink colour, this made her giggle.
  • It is good for a bit of a chuckle if the weather turns nasty this weekend.
Synonyms
become, develop into, turn out to be;
be transformed into, metamorphose into, descend into, grow into
convert, change, transform, make;
adapt, modify, rebuild, reconstruct
2.1 [with object or adverbial] Cause to change; cause to become: potatoes are covered with sacking to keep the light from turning them green
More example sentences
  • It turns Popeye green and gives him the ability to go ‘Pac-Man’ on Bluto.
  • The new database has turned what used to be a headache into easy work.
  • They had turned what was only a means into an end in itself.
2.2(Of leaves) change color in the autumn.
More example sentences
  • Leaves are turning and are providing us with a beautiful last blast of colour before they fall and disintegrate into a sodden mush of brown.
  • No frost yet, so the leaves are not turning en masse; instead there has been a long succession of lovely sunny days and blue skies.
  • It sounds utterly inappropriate as the leaves turn, night draws in and Wales floods.
2.3 [with object] Pass the age or time of: I’ve just turned forty
Synonyms
reach, get to, become, hit
2.4(With reference to milk) make or become sour: [with object]: the thunder had turned the milk
2.5(With reference to the stomach) make or become nauseated: [with object]: the smell was bad enough to turn the strongest stomach
More example sentences
  • The latest round of political maneuvering in Indonesia is enough to turn one's stomach.
  • The sight of those five smug and arrogant oil corporation CEOs was enough to turn one's stomach.
  • My body shakes at every joint, my empty stomach turns and nausea rushes over me in waves.
Synonyms
nauseate someone, sicken someone, make someone sick
2.6 [with object or adverbial] Send or put into a specified place or condition: the dogs were turned loose on the crowd
More example sentences
  • She stopped at that hand, turning Tara loose to run with the other horses.
  • They gave me a lovely nametag and lanyard and then turned me loose in the gaming room.
  • Coach Lefty Driesell turns 'em loose and lets'em go, and they know what to do.
3 [no object] (turn to) Start doing or becoming involved with: in 1939 he turned to films in earnest
More example sentences
  • All these success stories have got many Indian Americans turning to film production, with finances in place or not.
  • When film journalists turn to book writing, the result can be hilarious.
  • Philips, also a Fox contract player, appeared in a few more films before turning to directing television.
Synonyms
take up, become involved in, go into, enter, undertake
3.1Go on to consider next: we can now turn to another aspect of the problem
More example sentences
  • Finally, I turn to consider the practical consequences of giving the magistrates' court jurisdiction.
  • I therefore turn to consider whether the law imposes any limitation upon the exercise of power under the section.
  • We turn to consider how those principles should be applied in the present context.
Synonyms
move on to, go on to, proceed to, consider, attend to, address;
take up, switch to
3.2Go to for help, advice, or information: who can she turn to?
More example sentences
  • Biologists are turning to information technology to produce critically needed efficiencies in their work.
  • Chang also noted that a number of top information technology players are turning to Linux as an operating system for mobile devices.
  • It's not so much the BBC or foreign sources of information that people are turning to.
3.3Have recourse to (something, especially something dangerous or unhealthy): he turned to drink and drugs for solace
More example sentences
  • I turn to the other recourse for rancid times: the cultivation of my garden.
  • Since then, he had been fired from two jobs, and in the face of rising pot prices, had turned to other, more harmful drugs.
  • To relieve her anxieties, Wong, 26, turns to a collagen fortified drink and forces herself to eat more fruits.
4 [with object] Shape (something) on a lathe: the faceplate is turned rather than cast
More example sentences
  • When Jonathan was 12, he started turning wood on a lathe.
  • He will turn wood on a lathe and tend the museum's medieval garden, which has plants for household, culinary and medicinal use.
  • In 1993, at the age of 81, Gunnar made himself a wood lathe specifically to turn spheres.
4.1Give a graceful or elegant form to: (as adjective with submodifier turned) a production full of so many finely turned words
4.2Make (a profit).
More example sentences
  • The show cost its investors a socking outlay of $14m, but within 14 months they started turning a sinfully large profit.
  • To fill in spare time, he was devising new odds calculation programmes for football matches, which were turning him a neat profit.

noun

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1An act of moving something in a circular direction around an axis or point: a safety lock requiring four turns of the key
More example sentences
  • The turn of a key in the lock makes me jerk away from my heavenly memory and into my brutal reality.
  • As I put the key in the lock for the final turn, my mother asked me if I was sad.
  • Lower the ram a bit and screw the seating stem down three or four turns.
Synonyms
1.1A change of direction when moving: they made a left turn and picked up speed
More example sentences
  • As you can see from the picture, there is not even any room to do a three-point turn, never mind a high speed stunt!
  • You wouldn't know where to start with a three-point turn if you had not been taught how to and had a go by yourself.
  • I had aced my emergency stop and my hill start, and we were on our way to do a three-point turn.
Synonyms
change of direction, veer, divergence
1.2A development or change in circumstances or a course of events: life has taken a turn for the better
More example sentences
  • He admitted things seemed to have taken a turn for the better in recent years.
  • Phrases lead to complex, surprising turns and developments.
  • This has to be one of the most bizarre turns of events I've seen in a very long time.
Synonyms
informal go downhill
development, incident, occurrence, happening, circumstance, surprise
1.3A time when one specified period of time ends and another begins: the turn of the century
More example sentences
  • The sandstone buildings date back to the turn of the century when terraced houses first became popular in Glasgow.
  • However, around the turn of the 15th century, the practice began of having a small chorus sing polyphonically.
  • By the turn of the century, Al-Jazeera broadcasts could be watched around the clock on all five continents.
1.4A bend or curve in a road, path, river, etc. the twists and turns in the passageways
More example sentences
  • Kenny kept leading them around twists and turns and crazy bends in the road before they finally pulled up to a beautiful three-story house.
  • The distance is less than seven miles as the crow flies, but is 13 miles by water, because of the twists and turns of the river.
  • I know the road well so I know exactly where night-time leaves its sharp twists, turns and blind bends.
1.5A place where a road meets or branches off another.
More example sentences
  • Garry said they drove from Darwen town centre towards Ewood and for some reason Sean missed his turn into Branch Road.
  • I stuck to the Navigation Map which is easier to use than the north-facing map and also highlights your next turn at the top of the screen.
  • The new works have allowed an improved view of the approach to the turn and has widened the roadway at a crucial spot.
1.6 (the turn) The beginning of the second nine holes of a round of golf: he made the turn in one under par
More example sentences
  • It's a second bogey in three holes since the turn.
  • Not wanting to be embarrassed, I shot a 47 on the front nine and really bore down after the turn.
  • The match was pretty tight on the front nine but I had a couple of really good holes around the turn and I pulled away.
1.7A change of the tide from ebb to flow or vice versa.
More example sentences
  • They have to be hauled during the turn of the tide, when the water flow is at a minimum.
  • This week marks the return of an old friend, who comes to us now at the turn of the tide.
  • The opening has signalled a turn of the tide for unionism in Australia.
1.8One round in a coil of rope or other material.
More example sentences
  • The filament is helical, and has ~ 11 monomers for every two turns of the one-start helix.
  • Once you have completed about ten turns of the whipping take a sharp razor knife and cut the remainder of the trapped line flush with the whipping.
2An opportunity or obligation to do something that comes successively to each of a number of people: it was his turn to speak
More example sentences
  • Mr Wilson and Mr Nicholas stood to the side waiting their turn.
  • They spoke in turns and never interrupted the one with the spear.
  • Samantha stood quietly to the side, waiting her turn, wondering where Jeana and Jais were.
Synonyms
stint, time;
informal go, shot, stab, crack
2.1A short performance, especially one of a number given by different performers in succession: a comic turn
More example sentences
  • Polak is a powerful presence in the lead, displaying remarkable physical and emotional range, while Treasa Levasseur is a standout in both comic and tragic turns.
  • As a child I used to love New Year's Eve because the holiday community to which we belonged built a bonfire, sang songs and did comic turns.
  • His comic turn failed to save him from nine months' hard labour.
2.2A performer giving one of a number of short performances.
More example sentences
  • She simply agonises over how to describe what she does when a camera is pointed at her, saying that she feels more like a performer or a circus turn than an actress.
  • Rush is always an entertaining turn and the role promises to license a hyperactive nastiness.
  • Then best known as one of the stars of The Comedians, Granada's popular showcase of northern comic turns, Reid was as surprised as anyone when he was asked to front the new series in 1975.
3A short walk or ride: why don’t you take a turn around the garden?
4 informal A shock: you gave us quite a turn!
4.1A brief feeling or experience of illness: tell me how you feel when you have these funny turns
More example sentences
  • But she then started to experience funny turns and we cancelled the holiday.
  • Harry thought I was having another one of my funny turns.
  • I can have a drink with those sort of reactionaries whereas fascists bring on one of my funny turns.
5The difference between the buying and selling price of stocks or other financial products.
More example sentences
  • Nearly all market turns show divergences between price and technical indicators such as momentum.
  • The turn most likely reflects rising import prices, a result of the dollar's drop.
5.1A profit made from the difference between the buying and selling price of stocks or other financial products.
6 Music A melodic ornament consisting of the principal note with those above and below it.
More example sentences
  • In the Romantic era, signs were still used for simple ornaments such as trills, turns, or mordents.
  • Here the many details, such as decorative turns, came across with meaning and heartfelt expression.
  • There are no interesting harmonic turns, no unusual chords or harmony.

Origin

Old English tyrnan, turnian (verb), from Latin tornare, from tornus 'lathe', from Greek tornos 'lathe, circular movement'; probably reinforced in Middle English by Old French turner. The noun ( Middle English) is partly from Anglo-Norman French tourn, partly from the verb.

Phrases

at every turn

On every occasion; continually: her name seemed to come up at every turn
More example sentences
  • It was a mantra repeated at every turn.
  • There were pockets of shade at every turn.
  • We're going to talk about positive issues, we're not going to be bashing the President at every turn.
Synonyms
repeatedly, recurrently, all the time, always, constantly, again and again

by turns

One after the other; alternately: he was by turns amused and mildly annoyed by her
More example sentences
  • The man is, by turns, amused and annoyed by the presence of cameras in his midst.
  • It's charming and embarrassing, silly and touching by turns; mildly, reassuringly affecting.
  • Such dubious assertions are by turns annoying and unintentionally amusing.

do someone a good (or bad) turn

Do something that is helpful (or unhelpful) for someone.
More example sentences
  • People are looking for the Cardinal to do them a good turn.
  • A journalist who, because she was from his own native county of Longford, decided to do her a good turn, found himself in court because Ms Johnson did not like the way her comments were treated in the Star.
  • It's not just the money because they also did us a good turn as players.
Synonyms
service, deed, act;
favor, kindness

in turn

In succession; one after the other: four men prayed in turn
More example sentences
  • The team of four anglers took it in turn to fish the same swim and over a period of months took over a hundred fish.
  • They had to shout bogies in turn louder and louder - the loudest to shout was the winner.
  • The band are in turn calling themselves very important and very brilliant at the same time.
Synonyms
one after the other, one by one, one at a time, in succession, successively, sequentially
(also in one's/its turn) Used to convey that an action, process, or situation is the result or product of a previous one: he would shout until she, in her turn, lost her temper
More example sentences
  • Fish, in their turn, get to carnivores and in this way poison gets into a man's meal.
  • The school system is a microcosmic image of a tyrannical society - the rich older boys rule the roost while the juniors bide their time, accepting the bullying, waiting to become bullies in their turn.
  • Shareholders issue these vouchers to tenants who in turn issue them to employees.

not know which way (or where) to turn

Not know what to do; be completely at a loss.
More example sentences
  • Our health care system so bewildering and impersonal that one often doesn't know where to turn or whom to trust.
  • The illiterate farmer doesn't know where to turn.
  • Julie is still trying to cope with her truanting, drug-taking son and she doesn't know where to turn to find help.

not turn a hair

see hair.

one good turn deserves another

proverb If someone does you a favor, you should take the chance to repay it.
More example sentences
  • She stabbed him a season or two back and one good turn deserves another.
  • ‘As I see it,’ the woman said, ‘one good turn deserves another.’
  • His eyes hardened, ‘Well, I guess one good turn deserves another.’

on the turn

At a turning point; in a state of change: my luck is on the turn
More example sentences
  • Today you can feel the tide of fashion on the turn.
  • The tide was on the turn.
  • The fact that there are so many of them around suggests to some that the tide must be on the turn and that the only way now is up.

out of turn

At a time when it is not one’s turn.
More example sentences
  • Examples of discourteous actions are: shouting, freestyling, slapping course equipment, throwing out of turn and throwing or kicking golf bags.
  • They should have been disqualified for playing out of turn at the semi-final.
  • They would then complain to the referee that she had played out of turn.

speak (or talk) out of turn

Speak in a tactless or foolish way.
More example sentences
  • They don't want anyone talking out of turn.
  • However, we are not talking out of turn when, with respect, we congratulate Margaret Lawson on the 25 letters she had printed.
  • He might have been just talking out of turn, but tonight might be interesting.

take turns

(Of two or more people) do something alternately or in succession.
More example sentences
  • You and your partner should take it in turns, on alternate days, to be the asker.
  • My girl and I took turns putting our fingers in our ears, or hands over our eyes during the scary bits.
  • There were two other girls who were taking turns trying to get his attention.

to a turn

To exactly the right degree (used especially in relation to cooking): hamburgers done to a turn
More example sentences
  • Gideon Gaye's follow-up, Hawaii, confounded all those expectations but still managed to serve up a generous dose of thoughtful, evocative tunes, done to a turn.
  • The pork roast was done to a turn.
  • And make sure the underpart is baked to a turn, so that it's all soaked in juice, so well done that the whole of it, you see, is - I mean, I don't want it to crumble, but melt in the mouth like snow, so that one shouldn't even feel it - feel it melting.

turn and turn about

chiefly British One after another; in succession: the two men were working in rotation, turn and turn about
More example sentences
  • When we got back home we started out on the task of scanning and correcting the prints, taking turn and turn about but, really, there's only so much you can do.
  • The Hatfields and the McCoys go at it, turn and turn about, until no one's left standing.
  • I distributed them equally between my four pockets, and sucked them turn and turn about.

turn one's back on

see back.

turn the corner

Pass the critical point and start to improve.
More example sentences
  • The games industry looks as if it is finally turning the corner.
  • Former pit communities in South Yorkshire hit by the collapse of the mining industry are finally turning the corner after years of decline.
  • Consumption of red meat was now higher than it had been in the last decade, and the industry had turned a corner.

turn a deaf ear

see deaf.

turn one's hand to something

see hand.

turn one's head

see head.

turn heads

see head.

turn an honest penny

see honest.

turn in one's grave

see grave1.

turn of mind

A particular way of thinking: people with a practical turn of mind
More example sentences
  • I do not think it takes a radical postmodern turn of mind to conclude we cannot reliably write much about the the mind.
  • Jefferson, not surprisingly, was not of a prescriptive turn of mind on this question.
  • Excerpts from the memos clearly show a conservative turn of mind.

turn of speed

The ability to go fast when necessary.
More example sentences
  • Add to that outstanding build quality and a turn of speed indecently fast for a diesel and you have a great package.
  • He is a good runner with a fast turn of speed at the finish.
  • He has a rare turn of speed and the ability to beat men in the tightest of one-on-one situations.

turn on one's heel

see heel1.

turn the other cheek

see cheek.

turn over a new leaf

Start to act or behave in a better or more responsible way.
More example sentences
  • Avery's response is to turn over a new leaf.
  • A reprieved Dr Rob turns over a new leaf, and places an illustrated lonely hearts ad.
  • Is he turning over a new leaf?
Synonyms
reform, improve, mend one's ways, make a fresh start, change for the better
informal go straight

turn something over in one's mind

Think about or consider something thoroughly.
More example sentences
  • Geneva thoroughly turned this subject over in her mind and pondered upon it.
  • The man turns it over in his mind, chewing on his bottom lip.
  • He selects each person here with care, patiently turning them over in his mind, studying them with his kind eyes.

turn around and do (or say) something

informal Used to convey that someone’s actions or words are perceived as unexpected, unwelcome, or confrontational: then she just turned around and said she wasn’t coming after all
More example sentences
  • You write them off as beyond hope and then they turn round and say something that makes you wonder if they weren't right all along.
  • Of course, I could turn round and say it's almost a natural reaction, if someone goes in over the top on you, that you wave him off.
  • I think that to turn round and say a member cannot do that is absolutely unfair.

turn the tables

see table.

turn tail

informal Turn around and run away.
More example sentences
  • We'll call it a draw, and turn tail and flee.
  • Many of the guests turned tail and fled.
  • Both robbers turned tail and fled.
Synonyms
run away, flee, bolt, make off, take to one's heels, cut and run, beat a (hasty) retreat
informal scram, skedaddle, vamoose

turn the tide

see tide.
More example sentences
  • A battle was waged which turned the tide of the Second World War.
  • The National Commissioner said the police were turning the tide against crime and that this trend would continue.
  • The Code Talkers were honored for creating a code which was credited with saving thousands of lives and turning the tide of decisive battles in the Pacific theater.

turn something to (good) account

turn a trick

see trick.

turn turtle

see turtle.

turn up one's nose at

see nose.

Phrasal verbs

turn against (or turn someone against)

Become (or cause someone to become) hostile toward: public opinion turned against him
More example sentences
  • Their idealism turns them against, not towards, the party.
  • Serena rejects the offer and Lil accuses David of turning Serena against her.
  • Olympias even managed to turn Alexander against his father.
Synonyms
become hostile to, take a dislike to, betray, double-cross

turn around

Move so as to face in the opposite direction: Alice turned around and walked down the corridor
More example sentences
  • It simply couldn't turn about and reverse direction and position that fast.
  • It is exactly the kind of scene that van Hoogstraten proposes as ideal for viewing in a camera, full of countless people walking and turning about.
  • Kourin watched in dismay as Kellan turned about and began walking towards the mountains.

turn something around

1Prepare a ship or aircraft for its return journey.
More example sentences
  • Instead of 140 men taking two days to unload and load 16 years ago, a ship nowadays can be turned around in less than a day by fewer than 50 people.
  • Fewer inspections did not necessarily mean a ship could be turned around at a US port faster than before.
2Reverse the previously poor performance of something, especially a company, and make it successful.
More example sentences
  • This new appointment is expected to help the firm turn its poor performance around.
  • This is a company which has turned its performance round.
  • The 18-year-old, from Westlea, who has turned her life around with the organisation's help, says she is proof that the project works.

turn someone away

Refuse to allow someone to enter or pass through a place.
More example sentences
  • Hospitals aren't legally allowed to turn you away.
  • What if they are turned away?
  • Cleopatra enters, and he turns her away, saying that he wishes that Caesar will capture her and make a public spectacle of her.
Synonyms
send away, reject, rebuff, repel, cold-shoulder
informal send packing

turn back (or turn someone/something back)

Go (or cause to go) back in the direction in which one has come: they turned back before reaching the church
More example sentences
  • I slung my bag on my back and reached Will, turning him back in the direction we had come.
  • Military police were turning reporters back.
  • A group of 150 football hooligans were turned back.
Synonyms
retrace one's steps, go back, return;
retreat

turn someone down

Reject an offer or application made by someone: the Air Force turned him down on medical grounds
More example sentences
  • You would not complain if you were turned down in a job application for health reasons.
  • We did advertise earlier this year and only had three applicants, two weren't suitable and the one we offered it to turned us down.
  • He never asks for help and he turns you down when you offer it.

turn something down

1Reject something offered or proposed: his novel was turned down by publisher after publisher
More example sentences
  • Sheffield Council says the Government has not turned its plans down.
  • Chris and Phil turned his kind offer down.
  • She was asked by her Physical Education instructor to try out for netball but she had to turn the offer down.
2Adjust a control on a device to reduce the volume, heat, etc.
More example sentences
  • You can control what you hear, just simply find the spot in you where you can control the volume and turn it down.
  • They told her how much they look forward to having a decadent TV meal on a tray in front of the screen, turning the volume down and just admiring the Scottish scenery for an hour!
  • An understandably muted crowd turned the volume knob down another notch or two.

turn in

informal Go to bed in the evening.
More example sentences
  • Bangalore turns in early on winter nights, except for the few who frequent late night movie shows or nigh spots.
  • Alternately, before turning in you may like to embark on a quest to find the island's buried treasure.
Synonyms
go to bed, retire, go to sleep, call it a day
informal hit the hay, hit the sack

turn someone in

Hand someone over to the authorities.
More example sentences
  • The girl's family turned him in to immigration authorities and he was deported.
  • We could turn him in to the local authorities.
  • When he is caught, the boys decide not to turn him in to the school authorities.
Synonyms
betray, inform on, denounce, sell out, stab someone in the back;
blow the whistle on, rat on, squeal on, finger

turn something in

Give something to someone in authority: I’ve turned in my resignation
More example sentences
  • The blank obverse side of the maps bear a list of the Obligaciones del Comprador-the duties of the purchaser-including, at the first signs of outbreak of civil disturbance, turning the map in to national authorities.
  • To this end an amnesty period of three to six months should be declared to allow those in possession of illegal unlicensed guns to turn them in to the authorities.
  • At KMB, mobiles unclaimed after three months are offered back to the person who turned them in and if they don't want the phones, the mobiles are donated to charity, a spokeswoman said.
Synonyms
hand in/over/back, give in, submit, surrender, give up;
deliver, return
Produce or achieve a particular score or a performance of a specified quality.
More example sentences
  • Great performances were turned in by many members of the team.
  • Phenomenal performances are turned in from all of the aforementioned artists.
  • Other memorable performances were turned in by Tipperary's Declan Browne.

turn into

Become (a particular kind of thing or person); be transformed into: the slight drizzle turned into a downpour that dream turned into a nightmare in the next instant he turned into a tiny mouse
More example sentences
  • In some respects, the trend toward greater tolerance has turned into a floodtide.
  • The same situation in Angola, the two Congos, also in Cameroon, cinemas are turning into casinos.
  • The building which housed Britain's first ten-pin bowling alley was set to be turned into a family home.

turn someone/something into

Cause to become (a particular kind of thing or person); transform into: the town was turned into a thriving seaside destination every single good children’s book has been turned into a feature-length cartoon
More example sentences
  • For what we are going to do now is consider how to turn a theme into a plot.
  • RE Anthony Hargrove needs plenty of playing time to help turn his potential into production.
  • The decision infuriated residents, who saw their once well-kept verges rapidly turn into wilderness.

turn off

Leave one road in order to join another.
More example sentences
  • At the point we had to turn off the main road north.
  • He was later told to turn off the main road and ended up on a dirt track.
  • I turned off the main road, and took the short cut through the woods.

turn someone off

informal Induce a feeling of boredom or disgust in someone.
More example sentences
  • She was turned off by the overtly sexual messages of most of the men who wrote to her.
  • Like many other people, I was turned off.
  • If the idea of wearing big shapes turns you off, indulge in big accessories instead.
Synonyms
put off, leave cold, repel, disgust, revolt, offend;
disenchant, alienate;
bore, gross out

turn something off

Stop the operation or flow of something by means of a valve, switch, or button: remember to turn off the gas
More example sentences
  • He pressed the stop button and turned the music off, apologizing.
  • She jabbed at the button to turn the alarm off, and it stopped its absurd shrieking.
  • I just stopped long enough to turn the gas off at the mains and then got out.
Operate a valve or switch in order to do this.
More example sentences
  • You turn the switch off chemically and it stops the production.
  • Visualize a stop sign - imagine closing a spigot - or imagine turning a light switch off.
  • Sure enough, someone - probably me - had turned the wireless switch off and I failed to notice it.

turn on

1Suddenly attack (someone) physically or verbally: he turned on her with cold savagery
More example sentences
  • Suddenly Lily turns on her.
  • Should he lose, it will be like a pack of wolves that suddenly turns on itself.
  • He said he feared for his life after the three men suddenly turned on him and started punching him.
Synonyms
attack, set on, fall on, let fly at, lash out at, hit out at
informal lay into, tear into, let someone have it, bite someone's head off, jump down someone's throat
2Have as the main topic or point of interest: for most businessmen, the central questions will turn on taxation
More example sentences
  • In such a world there is no space for a communication without a topic that turns on money.
  • The question turns on that vexed subject, the moral status of the human embryo.
  • That the question turns on the meaning of a passage from Scripture is not insignificant.
Synonyms
depend on, rest on, hinge on, be contingent on, be decided by

turn someone on

informal Excite or stimulate the interest of someone, especially sexually.
More example sentences
  • This turns Alison on sexually.
  • I love football, it excites me, it turns me on.
  • While it doesn't turn me on sexually, it does totally fascinate me.

turn something on

Start the flow or operation of something by means of a valve, switch, or button: she turned on the TV
More example sentences
  • You just press a button four times to turn it on and off.
  • The right button turns the sight on, while the left controls reticle intensity.
  • It takes me forever to find the button to turn the television on.
Synonyms
switch on, start up, activate, trip, power up
Operate a valve or switch in order to do this.
More example sentences
  • Vincent found the main power switch and turned it on.
  • Adele turned the faucet on and adjusted the water to a non-scalding temperature.
  • This white wire will be made hot when the switch is turned on and will take the electrical power to the controlled outlet.

turn someone on to

informal Cause someone to become interested or involved in (something, especially drugs): he turned her on to heroin
More example sentences
  • He has turned me on to so many new interests, as well.
  • Weatherall has turned Holmes on to much more modern electronica.
  • She turned me on to so many things.

turn out

1Prove to be the case: the job turned out to be beyond his rather limited abilities
More example sentences
  • That may turn out not prove to be quite so beneficial as it first appears.
  • It turns out there is a job available.
  • The new year is hardly turning out to be happy.
Synonyms
transpire, emerge, come to light, become apparent, become clear
happen, occur, come about;
develop, proceed;
work out, come out, end up, pan out, result
formal eventuate
2Go somewhere in order to do something, especially to attend a meeting, to play a game, or to vote: over 75 percent of the electorate turned out to vote
More example sentences
  • They may even encourage more than half of the electorate to turn out and vote four years from now.
  • Since 1988, Canadians have been turning out to vote in steadily decreasing numbers.
  • He suggested that they should be paid for turning out to vote.

turn someone out

1Eject or expel someone from a place.
More example sentences
  • I will turn you out of my house and send you back to your father.
  • In their arrogance they assumed that no landlord would ever try to turn them out.
  • He wouldn't be surprised if his uncle turned him out tomorrow.
Synonyms
throw out, eject, evict, expel, oust, drum out, banish
informal kick out, send packing, boot out, show someone the door
2 Military Call a guard from the guardroom.
More example sentences
  • All of the Royal Guard was turned out for the Jovian envoys and he was in charge of it all.
  • The local magistrate read the riot act and 2nd Battalion the Royal Warwickshire Regiment was turned out to clear the area.
3 (be turned out) Be dressed in the manner specified: she was smartly turned out and as well groomed as always
More example sentences
  • Ballinkillen's under-10 team were turned out in style at the county blitz finals against Carlow town recently in their brand new jerseys that were sponsored by a local Borris business.

turn something out

1Extinguish a light.
More example sentences
  • When the lights were turned out and the respective bedroom doors shut, I could be alone.
  • Before turning the lights out, he would get every one quiet.
  • They drove off down the High Street and I gave chase but lost them when they turned their lights out.
2Produce something: the plant takes 53 hours to turn out each car
More example sentences
  • A rifle was turned out in 22 hours and 36.5 minutes.
  • They have to churn, and I'm confident that when they turn that sausage out, it will be the right kind of sausage for America.
  • Most factory shotguns are turned out with stocks in the 14-to 14 1/4 inch range - adequate but often a compromise.
Synonyms
produce, make, manufacture, fabricate, generate, put out, churn out
3Empty something, especially one’s pockets.
More example sentences
  • His pockets had been turned out and money and a gold bracelet given to him for 25 years' service at work were missing.
  • His pockets had been turned out.
  • He pulled his jacket open and turned his pockets out.
4Tip prepared food from a mold or other container.
More example sentences
  • She used clear ‘Blomange’ to fill two fish moulds, turned them out and gilded them with gold leaf.
  • When risen, turn the dough out onto a floured surface, divide into two and knead each piece lightly.
  • Run cold water over the spinach to cool it quickly, then turn it out onto a chopping board and use a sharp knife to make a couple of cuts across it.

turn over

(Of an engine) start or continue to run properly.
More example sentences
  • With a spin of the crank handle the engine turns over easily and off she rattles on her iron tyres.
  • Once the engine turns over, it's off to the races.
  • It shakes and rattles as the engine turns over.

turn someone over to

Deliver someone to the care or custody of (another person or body, especially one in authority): they turned him over to the police
More example sentences
  • He turned Jeremy over to the local authorities.
  • I shall not turn you over to any authority.
  • We need someone we can trust, who wants to find Kate as much we do, but won't turn us over to the authorities.

turn something over

1Cause an engine to run.
More example sentences
  • Inside, pausing to wipe and polish my spectacles before I turned the engine over and drove home, I listened to the faint sounds of water running off the car and dripping down to the pavement.
  • I turned the engine over.
  • We have turned the engine over with the help of a battery.
2Transfer control or management of something to someone else: a plan to turn the bar over to a new manager
More example sentences
  • I don't see the merit of turning any control over to him in the near future.
  • The county can't do the job itself, and plans to turn the hospital over to a private management team.
  • They have decided to dodge responsibility for the company by turning its management over to states and private entities.
Synonyms
transfer, hand over, pass on, consign, commit
3Change the function or use of something: the works was turned over to the production of aircraft parts
More example sentences
  • The three cardboard boxes exploded components all over the kitchen work surfaces and into the dining room, where the table was turned over to an assembly bench.
  • The base was turned over to be a civilian operation.
  • A strip of countryside either side of a country road has been turned over to housing.
4 informal Rob a place.
5(Of a business) have a turnover of a specified amount: last year the company turned over $12 million
More example sentences
  • He said Concorde, founded 25 years ago which turns over around £3.5 million a year, was enjoying great success in the spooling market.
  • AWG Developments, which turns over in excess of £150m per year, employs around 200 people, mainly in Scotland.
  • This already turns over £45m and employs 80 people.

turn up

1Be found, especially by chance, after being lost: all the missing documents had turned up
More example sentences
  • A large number of dodgy documents have turned up over the last month.
  • As soon as it appeared on some bonus CD, it started turning up in ‘file sharing’ sites.
  • And Plato does not appear to be a nickname; it turns up frequently in the period.
Synonyms
be found, be discovered, be located, reappear
2Put in an appearance; arrive: half the guests failed to turn up
More example sentences
  • It took a while for the food to arrive but we had turned up early and didn't mind sitting in the sunshine.
  • You know how it is, wait for ages for something to arrive and several turn up at once.
  • She failed to turn up and the judge issued the present warrant.
Synonyms

turn something up

1Increase the volume or strength of sound, heat, etc., by turning a knob or switch on a device.
More example sentences
  • I reached over quickly and turned on my stereo, turning the volume knob up, trying to cover up the sound of the clock.
  • They'd turned the sound system up, to compensate for the decorating noise I imagine.
  • One of the best things about helping out at a theatre is getting to turn the sound up to eleven.
2Reveal or discover something: New Yorkers confidently expect the inquiry to turn up nothing
Synonyms
discover, uncover, unearth, find, dig up, ferret out, root out, expose
3Shorten a garment by raising the hem.
More example sentences
  • Turn it up and stitch it.
  • On a sectioned shade, clip the corners at the shade lower edge so they form a miter when the hem is turned up.
  • Sew all vertical seams, then turn the lining up into the skirt and catch it in the waistband.

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Pronunciation: bo͞oˈfänt
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