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1 (also oil of turpentine) a volatile pungent oil distilled from gum turpentine or pine wood, used in mixing paints and varnishes and in liniment. (also crude turpentine or gum turpentine) an oleoresin secreted by certain trees, especially pines, and distilled to make rosin and oil of turpentine. 2 (also turpentine tree) any of a number of trees that yield turpentine or a similar resin, in particular.
- a coniferous tree of the pine family (Larix, Pinus, and other genera, family Pinaceae). the terebinth.