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typhus

Syllabification: ty·phus
Pronunciation: /ˈtīfəs
 
/

Definition of typhus in English:

noun

An infectious disease caused by rickettsiae, characterized by a purple rash, headaches, fever, and usually delirium, and historically a cause of high mortality during wars and famines. There are several forms, transmitted by vectors such as lice, ticks, mites, and rat fleas. Also called spotted fever.
Example sentences
  • The concentration of so many men and camp followers promoted the outbreaks of cholera, diphtheria, dysentery, typhoid fever, typhus, bubonic plague - and venereal diseases.
  • Body lice may transmit typhus and trench fever.
  • To measles we can add smallpox, tuberculosis, malaria, typhus, typhoid, influenza and syphilis.

Origin

mid 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek tuphos 'smoke, stupor', from tuphein 'to smoke'.

Derivatives

typhous

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Dilutions of 1: 250 are still bacteriostatic against pathogenic streptococci and staphylococci, typhous, pneumococcus.
  • This unwillingness was not removed until his disease, which was a typhous fever, had so far advanced that his medical attendants deemed it too late to expect benefit from medication.
  • Various forms of the disease are known as adynamic, intermittent and remittent, typhous, rheumatic and epidemic dysentery; but it is not necessary to classify the disease under these heads.

Definition of typhus in:

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