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uncial

Syllabification: un·ci·al
Pronunciation: /ˈənSHəl, -sēəl
 
/

Definition of uncial in English:

adjective

1Of or written in a majuscule script with rounded unjoined letters that is found in European manuscripts of the 4th-8th centuries and from which modern capital letters are derived.
Example sentences
  • Apparently, ‘cursive’ writing replaced ‘uncial’ writing in the 8th century.
2 rare Of or relating to an inch or an ounce.
Example sentences
  • The uncial system was adopted by the Greeks of Sicily.

noun

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1An uncial letter or script.
Example sentences
  • The codices produced in this period bear display scripts in capitals and uncials executed in double tracing, and are also remarkable for the narrowing of certain letter-forms like for instance the ‘O’.
  • High-grade book scripts were angular square capitals suited to inscriptions and the chisel, more fluid rustic capitals and rounded uncials suited to the pen.
1.1A manuscript in uncial script.
Example sentences
  • Because minuscules are generally later than uncials, and also because they were easier to produce, minuscule copies outnumber uncials of the New Testament in a ratio of ten to one.

Origin

mid 17th century: from Latin uncialis, from uncia 'inch'. sense 1 of the adjective is in the late Latin sense of unciales litterae 'uncial letters', the original application of which is unclear.

Definition of uncial in:

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