Definition of unction in English:


Syllabification: unc·tion
Pronunciation: /ˈəNG(k)SHən


1 formal The action of anointing someone with oil or ointment as a religious rite or as a symbol of investiture as a monarch.
More example sentences
  • Following the designation process, Halpern and Long see an underlying mythos that ritual unction ought to be followed by a battle in which the designated individual demonstrates his worthiness to rule.
  • Exorcisms were performed particularly on those items employed in unction and on holy water, as well as food and drink.
  • Here I would suggest that one of the main secrets of success in the early Church lay in the fact that the early believers believed in unction from on high and not entertainment from men.
1.1 short for extreme unction.
More example sentences
  • Seven sacraments are recognized: baptism in infancy, followed by confirmation with consecrated oil, penance, the Eucharist, matrimony, ordination, and unction in times of sickness or when near death.
  • On your deathbed, convert the padre who comes to give you final unction.
2 archaic Treatment with a medicinal oil or ointment.
2.1An ointment: mercury in the form of unctions
More example sentences
  • Sunday was spent applying more unctions, lotions and poultices than any sane person should ever need.
  • Then there's the wonderfully blue pool, two saunas, two steam rooms and two Jacuzzis, changing rooms steeped in aromatic unctions and potions, hair dryers, cozzie dryers, private showers and complimentary towels.
  • Do you slather the white unction on like cake mixture or go for something a little more moderate?
3A manner of expression arising or apparently arising from deep emotion, especially as intended to flatter: he spoke the last two words with exaggerated unction
More example sentences
  • Josafa Vasconcelos, a Presbyterian pastor from Brazil, preached with unction in Portuguese, enjoying the benefit of not having to use an interpreter.
  • James Duncan, preaching with great unction and power, was asked what was the secret of such powerful preaching.


late Middle English: from Latin unctio(n-), from unguere 'anoint'. sense 3 arises from the link between religious fervor and “anointing” with the Holy Spirit.

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