Definition of underthrust in English:

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underthrust

Pronunciation: /ˌəndərˈTHrəst/
Geology

verb (past and past participle underthrust)

[with object]
1Force (a crustal plate or other body of rock) beneath another plate or block.
Example sentences
  • Patterns of this type can be readily explained by accretionary tectonism, whereby a packet of sediment accreted at the toe of the prism is underthrust and buried beneath an overburden of older strata.
  • Here the Papua New Guinea continental crust appears to be underthrusting the adjacent marginal basin and obduction of the ophiolite is occurring in an uphill direction.
  • The tensional stresses in the uplift can be relaxed by, for example, underthrusting in a subduction zone, or contraction in surrounding regions.
1.1Be forced underneath (another plate or block).

noun

An instance of one plate or block being forced underneath another.
Example sentences
  • We suggest that because the upper portion of underthrust sections lacked any thick, water-saturated clastic deposits this did not favour the formation of melanges.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: un·der·thrust

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