There are 2 definitions of valerian in English:

valerian

Syllabification: va·le·ri·an
Pronunciation: /vəˈli(ə)rēən
 
/

noun

1A plant that typically bears clusters of small pink or white flowers. Native to Eurasia, several species have been introduced to North America.
  • Family Valerianaceae: several species, in particular common valerian (Valeriana officinalis), a valued medicinal herb, and the Mediterranean red valerian (Centranthus ruber), grown for its spurred flowers, which attract butterflies
More example sentences
  • Down by the pool, sown among the large white rocks that were dug out of the hillside to accommodate it, are white valerians, more grasses, lavenders and sages.
  • Unless it's the drug-like catnips and valerians, most cats ignore growing things.
  • The herbs chamomile, valerian, yarrow, nettle, comfrey and dandelion can help make a success of your compost heap.
1.1A drug obtained from the root of common valerian, used as a sedative and antispasmodic.
More example sentences
  • Unlike synthetic sedatives, valerian is not considered addictive.
  • An alternative remedy for insomnia is valerian, a herbal medicine that has some reported positive effects but has not been exhaustively clinically investigated.
  • In animal and clinical studies, valerian has proven to act as a mild sedative and tranquilizer, thereby aiding sleep, even among chronic pain sufferers.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French valeriane, from medieval Latin valeriana (herba), apparently the feminine of Valerianus 'of Valerius' (a personal name).

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Pronunciation: ˈwīzˌākər
noun
a know-it-all…

There are 2 definitions of valerian in English:

Valerian

Syllabification: Va·le·ri·an
Pronunciation: /vəˈli(ə)rēən
 
/
( Died 260), Roman emperor 253–260; Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianius. He renewed the persecution of the Christians that was initiated by Decius.

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