Definition of variola in English:

variola

Syllabification: va·ri·o·la
Pronunciation: /vəˈrīələ, ˌve(ə)rēˈōlə
 
/

noun

Medicine
  • technical term for smallpox.
    More example sentences
    • Other viruses in this group that can cause infection in humans include variola, vaccinia (used in smallpox vaccine), and cowpox viruses.
    • No current technology is capable of discriminating variola from vaccinia (ie, the acute infectious disease caused by smallpox vaccination).
    • Stocks of variola, the virus that causes the disease, remained in two locations - one in the United States and one in Russia.

Derivatives

variolar

adjective
More example sentences
  • Seven made rapid recoveries with minimal scarring, one showed no benefit, and one died (apparently of variolar pneumonia).

variolous

adjective
( • archaic )
More example sentences
  • In about 1721, local minister Cotton Mather - perhaps best known for his role in the witchcraft trials - was among the first in America to experiment with variolous inoculation for smallpox.
  • During the time she remained in the infected room, variolous matter was inserted into both her arms, but without any further effect than in the preceding case.
  • In order to determine this, a non-vaccinated child was inoculated with the serous fluid obtained from these variolous papules, and the result was a generalized, confluent small-pox.

Origin

late 18th century: from medieval Latin, literally 'pustule, pock', from Latin varius 'diverse'.

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