Definition of vertebra in English:

vertebra

Syllabification: ver·te·bra
Pronunciation: /ˈvərdəbrə
 
/

noun (plural vertebrae /-ˌbrē, -ˌbrā/)

Each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, having several projections for articulation and muscle attachment, and a hole through which the spinal cord passes.

In the human spine (or vertebral column) there are seven cervical vertebrae (in the neck), twelve thoracic vertebrae (to which the ribs are attached), and five lumbar vertebrae (in the lower back). In addition, five fused vertebrae form the sacrum, and four the coccyx

More example sentences
  • The neural spines in posterior dorsal vertebrae lack distinct lateral projections.
  • The spine is made up of 24 bones called vertebrae, plus the sacrum and coccyx.
  • A fracture of the transverse process of a lumbar vertebra may damage the ureter.

Origin

early 17th century: from Latin, from vertere 'to turn'.

Derivatives

vertebral

Pronunciation: /-brəl, vərˈtē-/
adjective
More example sentences
  • In contrast to the cervical vertebral centra, the dorsal centrum is shorter and more mildly opisthocoelous.
  • Many arterial branches arise from the vertebral and basilar artery to supply the medulla oblongata and the pons.
  • The vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs also have to withstand high compressive loads.

Definition of vertebra in: