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vesicle

Syllabification: ve·si·cle
Pronunciation: /ˈvesək(ə)l
 
/

Definition of vesicle in English:

noun

1A fluid- or air-filled cavity or sac, in particular.
Example sentences
  • In infants and small children, the scabies rash may include vesicles, pustules, or nodules, and the head and neck may not be spared.
  • There were a few vesicles and some sloughing of skin around the toes.
  • Painful papules then occur, which progress to vesicles that ulcerate and eventually heal by developing crusts.
1.1 Anatomy & Zoology A small fluid-filled bladder, sac, cyst, or vacuole within the body.
Example sentences
  • They are united by the presence of small vesicles in, or just under, the plasma membrane.
  • The prevailing model argues that specific proteins are shuttled around to their destinations, both within and outside the cell, in enclosed vesicles.
  • Both vesicles and bilayer patches were found not to move laterally over the time range of 10 min and more, except at relatively high imaging forces.
1.2 Botany An air-filled swelling in a plant, especially a seaweed.
Example sentences
  • Plant vesicle trafficking will serve similar functions to those seen in animals and yeast.
  • When resin vesicles are damaged during seed processing, the result is generally a decline in seed germination.
  • Here we report that this defect formation is strongly enhanced by the membrane tension induced by osmotic swelling of vesicles.
1.3 Geology A small cavity in volcanic rock, produced by gas bubbles in the molten lava.
Example sentences
  • A variety of minerals were deposited in the hollow vesicles.
  • Calcite, along with epidote, fills small vesicles in the basaltic dike rock.
  • In the road cuts of both early and later construction, rock was blasted that contains zeolite-filled vesicles.
1.4 Medicine A small blister full of clear fluid.
Example sentences
  • Chickenpox usually occurs in children, causing slight fever and an eruption of transparent vesicles (blisters).
  • Several hours or days following exposure, affected skin in a previously sensitized individual becomes itchy and red and may develop small vesicles or blisters.
  • In fact, she had beautiful skin apart from the scattered vesicles caused by the chicken pox.

Origin

late 16th century: from French vésicule or Latin vesicula, diminutive of vesica 'bladder'.

Derivatives

vesicular

1
Pronunciation: /vəˈsikyələr/
adjective
Example sentences
  • On the basis of the vesicular structure of the shell wall, Fisher felt that they were not closely related to annelid worms.
  • Several observations on normal and injured lungs raise interest in the molecule and pathway specificity of deformation triggered vesicular trafficking.
  • The thickest segments of the main tubes have a core of vesicular glass that is a terra-cotta color.

vesiculated

2
Pronunciation: /vəˈsikyəˌlātid/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Seismically, vesiculated zones exhibit low compressional-wave velocities.
  • Others were highly vesiculated and contained discrete but degenerating organelles, such as nuclei and mitochondria.
  • The chromatin was clumped, giving the nuclei a clear vesiculated appearance.

vesiculation

3
Pronunciation: /vəˌsikyəˈlāSHən/
noun
Example sentences
  • The sloughed area is caused by vesiculation and it in turn has many etiologies including thermal and chemical burns, exfoliative dermatitis secondary to a drug reaction, bacterial and fungal infections.
  • Particular attention was paid to the description of each part of the stratigraphy, noting features such as degree of vesiculation, fracturing, weathering style, lithology and texture.
  • These properties contribute to curvature stress that promotes hexagonal phase formation and membrane trafficking through vesiculation and fusion.

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