noun (plural viceroyalties)
1The office, position, or authority of a viceroy.
- Beginning in the second half of the eighteenth century, the population in the Peruvian viceroyalty began to slowly increase after epidemics brought by the Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth century had killed thousands of people.
- Most cases in our sample occurred in the rural areas of Santa Fe / Mariquita and Tunja / Pamplona, the viceroyalty's central and northeastern provinces and two of its most densely populated regions.
- The authors explain how the Bourbon reforms of the late eighteenth century transformed the viceroyalty of New Spain into one of the most efficient tax regimes in colonial history.
1.1A territory governed by a viceroy.
- Buenos Aires, capital of a viceroyalty established in 1776, came into its own during the 19th century as the centre of music publishing, opera, and concert life in Spanish South America.
- However, when the Spanish authorities realised what was happening, they declared the entire area of what is now Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Bolivia as a viceroyalty, and made Buenos Aires the capital.
- Ecuador was part of the viceroyalty of Peru, and the Inca Atahualpa had his capital in Quito.
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