There are 2 main definitions of wane in English:

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wane1

Syllabification: wane
Pronunciation: /wān
 
/

verb

[no object]
1(Of the moon) have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it appears to decrease in size.
Example sentences
  • Tory tried to see her reflection, but the moon was waning, the stars obscured by clouds.
  • Tonight and for the next week or so while the moon is waning with the brightest appearance next Tuesday night.
  • On the 30th, at 10: 31 P.M., the Moon wanes to last quarter for the second time in August.
1.1(Especially of a condition or feeling) decrease in vigor, power, or extent; become weaker: confidence in the dollar waned
More example sentences
  • Though my friend's interest waned and our friendship failed, my interest in the Craft only grew stronger.
  • As a result, the Commonwealth's powers have waxed and the residual ones of the states have waned.
  • Interest had waned over time although expectations were high that the site clean-up might re-awaken it.

Origin

Old English wanian 'lessen', of Germanic origin; related to Latin vanus 'vain'.

More
  • wax from (Old English):

    An old English verb weaxan ‘grow, increase’ is now restricted to only a few contexts. We use it to mean ‘become’ in expressions such as ‘he waxed lyrical’, and we use it for ‘to grow’ when we talk of the moon waxing and waning. It is possible that the wax that bees make comes from the same root, in the sense of what grows in the hive, but no one is certain. Waist (Late Middle English) seems to come from the same root, perhaps with reference to childbirth. Wane (Old English) is from Old English wanian ‘lessen’.

Phrases

on the wane

1
Becoming weaker, less vigorous, or less extensive: the epidemic was on the wane
More example sentences
  • Predictably, there are now encouraging signs that the epidemic is on the wane as sales slowly begin to pick up again.
  • The boss of the district's own low cost airline today scorned suggestions the sector was on the wane after rival Ryanair announced a profit slump.
  • Although exploration in the North Sea is on the wane, Wood does not believe Aberdeen will decline as an oil centre.

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There are 2 main definitions of wane in English:

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wane2

Syllabification: wane
Pronunciation: /wān
 
/

noun

The amount by which a plank or log is beveled or falls short of a squared shape.

Origin

mid 17th century: from wane1.

More
  • wax from (Old English):

    An old English verb weaxan ‘grow, increase’ is now restricted to only a few contexts. We use it to mean ‘become’ in expressions such as ‘he waxed lyrical’, and we use it for ‘to grow’ when we talk of the moon waxing and waning. It is possible that the wax that bees make comes from the same root, in the sense of what grows in the hive, but no one is certain. Waist (Late Middle English) seems to come from the same root, perhaps with reference to childbirth. Wane (Old English) is from Old English wanian ‘lessen’.

Derivatives

waney

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • It can be supplied in all thicknesses with the option of waney edged, square edged or prepared boards.
  • But now that they are in a production mode, they can make commitments to purchase set amounts of waney lumber.
  • The invention makes use of waney lumber to make composite edge-glued wood products.

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