A bird with a strong bill and a stiff tail, that climbs tree trunks to find insects and drums on dead wood to mark territory.
- Family Picidae (the woodpecker family): many genera and numerous species. The woodpecker family also includes the wrynecks, piculets, flickers, and sapsuckers.
- Mexico is home to toucans, vultures, hummingbirds, woodpeckers, parrots, macaws, and quetzals.
- All other birds, from loons and penguins to woodpeckers and sparrows, are placed together in the third main lineage, the Neoaves.
- Great-spotted woodpeckers drum while chiffchaffs, blackcaps, chaffinches and wrens sing their hearts out.
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