Share this entry

Share this page

yeast

Syllabification: yeast
Pronunciation: /yēst
 
/

Definition of yeast in English:

noun

1A microscopic fungus consisting of single oval cells that reproduce by budding, and are capable of converting sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide.
Example sentences
  • The yeast cells in the envelope of yeast are the cells that do the work in your loaf of bread.
  • I heard and watched the students grasp the understanding of how yeast absorbs sugar.
  • The yeast uses this sugar in the same way it uses the glucose in white sugar.
1.1A grayish-yellow preparation of yeast obtained chiefly from fermented beer, used as a fermenting agent, to raise bread dough, and as a food supplement.
Example sentences
  • As beer brewers do with yeast, the Wiandts drop bits of mycelia into a malt sugar solution.
  • The inclusion of yeast results in fermentation and causes the dough to rise, if it is left in a warm place.
  • To make dough, allow yeast to stand in a small bowl until frothy, about 10 minutes.
1.2 Biology Any unicellular fungus that reproduces vegetatively by budding or fission, including forms such as candida that can cause disease.
Example sentences
  • In budding and fission yeasts, life span is defined by the methods used to measure it.
  • Unlike other fungi, budding and fission yeasts lack endogenous DNA methylation.
  • Candida species are polymorphic and can form colonies containing budding yeasts, pseudohyphae, and true hyphae.

Origin

Old English, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch gist and German Gischt 'froth, yeast', from an Indo-European root shared by Greek zein 'to boil'.

Derivatives

yeastlike

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Thrush is an infection in the mouth caused by a yeast-like organism called Candida albicans.
  • Candidiasis is an infection caused by Candida, a yeast-like fungus.
  • Pneumocystis carinii is a parasitic, sometimes pathogenic, yeast-like fungus found in the lungs of laboratory rats.

Definition of yeast in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day emulous
Pronunciation: ˈemyələs
adjective
seeking to emulate or imitate someone or something