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zemstvo

Syllabification: zem·stvo
Pronunciation: /ˈzemstvō
 
/

Definition of zemstvo in English:

noun (plural zemstvos)

One of a system of elected councils established in tsarist Russia to administer local affairs after the abolition of serfdom.
Example sentences
  • Elected by the local zemstvo, the justice of the peace dealt with small cases where the parties desired a quick, comprehensible, inexpensive, and on-the-spot decision.
  • Under a further Statute of 1 January 1864, zemstvos or local government assemblies were elected at district and province level, essentially by the landed gentry.

Origin

Russian, from zemlya 'land'.

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