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Arabic

Line breaks: Arab¦ic
Pronunciation: /ˈarəbɪk
 
/

Definition of Arabic in English:

noun

[mass noun]
The Semitic language of the Arabs, spoken by some 150 million people throughout the Middle East and North Africa.
Example sentences
  • Dressed in a white forensic suit, he spoke in Arabic through an interpreter to confirm his name.
  • Now he speaks Arabic, understands some grammar and recites and memorizes surahs of Quran.
  • The dialects of spoken Arabic in the Middle East differ a lot as you move from region to region.

adjective

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Relating to the literature or language of Arab people: Arabic literature a fluent Arabic-speaker
More example sentences
  • The influence of what was produced in that hundred years has left its imprint on Arabic poetry and literature for all times.
  • To an Arab, her bad Arabic accent, probably would have sounded like an English person trying to sound like an Arab.
  • He spoke about teaching of Arabic language and literature.

Arabic is written from right to left in a cursive script of twenty-eight consonants, the vowels being indicated by additional signs. The classical or literary language is based largely on that of the Koran; colloquial Arabic has many dialects. The script has been adapted for various languages, including Persian, Urdu, Malay, and (formerly) Turkish

Origin

Middle English: via Latin arabicus from Greek arabikos, from Araps, Arab- 'Arab', from the Arabic (see Arab).

Derivatives

Arabicization

1
(also Arabicisation) noun
Example sentences
  • The M.A. degree by courses is awarded in the following specializations: Arabic Language, English Language, Translation and Arabicization and Diplomatic Studies.
  • The word ‘Jerusalem’ does not appear in the Qur'an but the city is referred to as Iliya ’, an Arabicisation of its Roman name, Aelia, and as Bayt al-maqdis’ (the holy house ’).
  • Fars (under Arabicisation P becomes F) and Persia are virtually interchangeable, much in the same way Holland (the major province) and Netherlands (the nation) are.

Arabicize

2
(also Arabicise) verb
Example sentences
  • This influx appears to have been made easy by the Christians who lived in Moorish territories: they were known as mozárabes, from Arabic musta'rib, Arabicized.
  • Some Maghreb writers lack fluency in Arabic, while others Arabicize French in their writings, creating a Maghrebian French word order resembling Arabic syntax.
  • Moors reacted to this change by increasing pressure to Arabicize many aspects of Mauritanian life, such as law and language.

Definition of Arabic in:

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