Definition of Brownian motion in English:

Brownian motion

Line breaks: Brown|ian mo¦tion
Pronunciation: /ˈbraʊnɪən
 
/

noun

[mass noun] Physics
  • The erratic random movement of microscopic particles in a fluid, as a result of continuous bombardment from molecules of the surrounding medium.
    More example sentences
    • Second, he explained the jittery dance of microscopic particles - Brownian motion - as the buffets of surrounding atoms.
    • The amplitude of the displacements of unattached beads diminishes with a constant slope of - 2, as expected for Brownian motion in a viscous medium (sugar water).
    • This does not occur in practice, since random forces such as Brownian motion perturb the cell's trajectory.

Origin

late 19th century: named after Robert Brown (1773–1858), the Scottish botanist who first observed the motion.

More definitions of Brownian motion

Definition of Brownian motion in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day tortie
Pronunciation: ˈtôrtē
noun
a tortoiseshell cat