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Carib

Line breaks: Carib
Pronunciation: /ˈkarɪb
 
/

Definition of Carib in English:

noun

1A member of an indigenous South American people living mainly in coastal regions of French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, and Venezuela.
Example sentences
  • Amerindian groups include the Caribs, the Arawaks, and the Warraus.
  • The islands were originally inhabited by the Arawaks, Caribs, and other Amerindians.
  • In the pre-Columbian period, Arawaks and later Caribs moved to the region from coastal South America.
2 [mass noun] The language of the Caribs, the only member of the Cariban family of languages still spoken by a substantial number of people (around 20,000). Also called Galibi.
Example sentences
  • Black Caribs are descendants of freed black slaves and Carib Indians, and speak a language related to Carib.
  • For a time, Arawak was spoken primarily or exclusively by women and children, while adult men spoke Carib.
  • All of the interior Amerindians originally spoke Carib languages, with the exception of the Wapisiana, whose language is in the Arawak linguistic family.
3 (also Island Carib) [mass noun] An unrelated Arawakan language, now extinct, formerly spoken in the Lesser Antilles. See also Black Carib.

adjective

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1Relating to the Caribs or their language.
Example sentences
  • The last fluent speaker of the Carib language reportedly died in the 1920s, although efforts are now being made to revive that language.
  • The native language of the Garifuna (called Garifuna or Garinagu) comes from the Arawak and Carib languages of their island ancestors.
  • The practice of smoking tobacco came from the native American Indians and the Carib Indians of Tobago.
1.1Relating to Island Carib or Black Carib.
Example sentences
  • Carib is spoken along the Caribbean coast by the Garifunas, or Black Caribs, the descendants of fugitive slaves and Carib Indians.
  • The warlike Carib people drove the Arawaks from neighboring islands but apparently did not settle on either Antigua or Barbuda.
  • The locals sometimes call the main island ‘Hairoun,’ its Carib name.

Origin

from Spanish caribe, from Haitian Creole. Compare with cannibal.

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