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Manichaeism

Line breaks: Mani¦chae|ism
Pronunciation: /ˌmanɪˈkiːɪz(ə)m
 
/
(also Manicheism)

Definition of Manichaeism in English:

noun

[mass noun]
1A dualistic religious system with Christian, Gnostic, and pagan elements, founded in Persia in the 3rd century by Manes (circa 216-circa 276) and based on a supposed primeval conflict between light and darkness. It was widespread in the Roman Empire and in Asia, and survived in eastern Turkestan (Xinjiang) until the 13th century.
Example sentences
  • The kings converted to Manichaeism, the ‘religion of light’, imported by refugees from the Middle East.
  • Gnosticism eventually declined and was replaced by Manichaeism, founded by Mani.
  • After abandoning Manicheism he turned to Neoplatism to elucidate his metaphysical thoughts about God.
1.1Religious or philosophical dualism.
Example sentences
  • Central to its argument is the idea that the novel offers a critique of essentialism and Manicheism.
  • The possibility of attaining paradise lies, instead, in the deconstruction of Manicheism by means of the integration of opposites.
  • For gone is the implied but relatively crude Manichaeism of the earlier books.

Origin

early 17th century: from late Latin Manichaeus (from the name Manes) + -ism.

Definition of Manichaeism in:

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