Definition of Orthoptera in English:

Orthoptera

Line breaks: Orth|op¦tera
Pronunciation: /ɔːˈθɒpt(ə)rə
 
/

noun

Entomology
  • 1An order of insects that comprises the grasshoppers, crickets, and their relatives. They have a saddle-shaped thorax, hind legs that are typically long and modified for jumping, and a characteristic song which the male produces by stridulation.
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    • It affects only insects of the group Orthoptera, like grasshoppers and locusts, and not honey bees, beetles, or other potentially beneficial species.
    • Other orders (e.g. Orthoptera; grasshoppers) became very abundant and some appeared for the first time in the Permian.
    • The polymorphism is common in many insect groups, most notably the Hemiptera / Homoptera (waterstriders, planthoppers and aphids), Coleoptera and, Orthoptera (crickets and grasshoppers).
  • 1.1 (orthoptera) Insects of the order Orthoptera: the wings of living orthoptera
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    • We gauged prey size relative to the width of the parent's bill and categorized prey as < 0.6 cm (S = small), 1 cm (M = medium), 2 cm or larger (L = large, usually large orthoptera or large lepidopteran larvae), or none, seed, or bread.

Origin

modern Latin (plural), from ortho- 'straight' + Greek pteros 'wing'.

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