Definition of Platonism in English:

Platonism

Line breaks: Pla¦ton|ism
Pronunciation: /ˈpleɪt(ə)nɪz(ə)m
 
/

noun

[mass noun]
  • 1The philosophy of Plato or his followers. See Plato.
    More example sentences
    • But to other philosophers and mathematicians Platonism seems extravagant, for reasons that are at least partly epistemological.
    • However, they drew on a wide range of philosophical sources besides Platonism.
    • For Heidegger, the history of metaphysics is ‘the history of being’, a series of answers to the basic question of philosophy that extends from Plato to the inversion of Platonism in Nietzsche.
  • 1.1Any of various revivals of Platonic doctrines or related ideas, especially Neoplatonism and Cambridge Platonism (a 17th-century attempt to reconcile Christianity with humanism and science).
    More example sentences
    • Pitting science against Platonism tells only half the story.
    • Their ideas and philosophies helped to depose the remnants of Christian Platonism and an old notion of history as either exhibiting degeneration or of being in some sense cyclical.
    • To our historicist age, Hildegard's Christian Platonism may seem the ultimate heresy.
  • 1.2The theory that numbers or other abstract objects are objective, timeless entities, independent of the physical world and of the symbols used to represent them.
    More example sentences
    • Bloodless as these abstractions may appear, Platonism understands these universals as highly causative: individual existents cannot be accounted for in isolation, but only as members of a prior class.
    • Finsler develops his approach to the paradoxes, his attitude towards formalised theories and his defence of Platonism in mathematics.

Derivatives

Platonist

noun
More example sentences
  • Previous philosophers of history - the Platonists, Spengler, and the compromisers - made three connected mistakes.
  • As a philosopher he was not a pure Platonist; in metaphysics, indeed, he followed Plato and the Neoplatonists, but in natural philosophy the Atomists, and in that of religion Lord Herbert of Cherbury.
  • He may even appear as Platonist or Pythagorean insofar as he considers the viewpoint of logical simplicity as an indispensable and effective tool of his research.

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