1.1 Anastasio ( 1896–1956), President 1937–47 and 1951-6; full name Anastasio Somoza García. He took presidential office following a military coup in 1936. Somoza ruled Nicaragua as a virtual dictator and was assassinated.
1.2 Luis ( 1922–67), President 1957–63, son of Anastasio; full name Luis Somoza Debayle.
1.3 Anastasio ( 1925–80), President 1967–79, younger brother of Luis; full name Anastasio Somoza Debayle. His dictatorial regime was overthrown by the Sandinistas and he was assassinated while in exile in Paraguay.