Definition of ablative in English:

ablative

Line breaks: ab¦la|tive
Pronunciation: /ˈablətɪv
 
/

adjective

1 Grammar Denoting a case (especially in Latin) of nouns and pronouns and words in grammatical agreement with them indicating an agent, instrument, or source, expressed by ‘by’, ‘with’, or ‘from’ in English.
More example sentences
  • Indeed, the nominal part of this prepositional phrase is not in the nominative case; sub governs the ablative case.
  • My Mongolian had got as far as the ablative case and the important greeting noxhoi-khoi, ‘hold the dog’.
  • Of the six Indo-European cases capable of being governed by adpositions, the ablative and genitive singular were not distinguished outside of o-stems.
2(Of surgical treatment) involving ablation: all nine patients were treated by ablative surgery
More example sentences
  • For ablative treatment procedures other than cryotherapy, local anesthesia with topical or injected lidocaine should be used.
  • It may be wise to biopsy all ‘warts’ before ablative treatment.
  • Disease limited to the liver is suitable for surgical resection or ablative techniques.
3Relating to or subject to ablation through melting or evaporation: the spacecraft’s ablative heat shield
More example sentences
  • The craft survived the journey with a rounded, blunt heat shield covered with ablative material, which evaporated away to dissipate heat.
  • This heat shield is covered by an insulating layer protected by an ablative material in contact with the hot plasma flow.
  • Protected by an ablative thermal shield, the probe will decelerate to 400 metres per second.

noun

Grammar Back to top  
1A word in the ablative case.
More example sentences
  • I don't see why the word couldn't be used for hairless, though I'll admit it might be more usual to have an ablative of respect in there somewhere.
  • No, I think I mean loco, from the Latin ablative for locus, meaning place.
  • Thinking of ablatives as Latin's version of English adverbial clauses and phrases may help you.
1.1 (the ablative) The ablative case.
More example sentences
  • Mention one example each of verbs followed by the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative.
  • The nominal system distinguishes five cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative.
  • Classical Mongolian had seven cases: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, ablative, instrumental, and comitative.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French ablative (feminine of ablatif), Latin ablativus, from ablat- 'taken away' (see ablation).

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