Definition of absolute in English:

absolute

Line breaks: ab¦so|lute
Pronunciation: /ˈabsəluːt
 
/

adjective

  • 2Viewed or existing independently and not in relation to other things; not relative or comparative: absolute moral standards
    More example sentences
    • All wheat parameters we studied were unresponsive to blue light, so comparisons between relative and absolute blue light responses are not meaningful.
    • But many economists believe that relative poverty rather than absolute standards is what matters.
    • The right will no doubt point out that this is a comparison of relative, rather than absolute poverty.
    Synonyms
    universal, fixed, independent, non-relative, non-variable, absolutist; rigid, established, set, settled, definite, decided, irrevocable, unalterable, unquestionable, authoritative, incontrovertible, in black and white
  • 3 Grammar (Of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the sentence, as in dinner being over, we left the table.
    More example sentences
    • An absolute clause is not introduced by a subordinating conjunction: after having prepared the dinner and while preparing the dinner are not absolute clauses.
  • 3.1(Of a transitive verb) used without an expressed object (e.g. guns kill).
    More example sentences
    • Verbs grouped as absolute, relative, or nounal.
    • I grouped them as absolute verbs, relative verbs, and nounal verbs.
  • 3.2(Of an adjective) used without an expressed noun (e.g. the brave).
    More example sentences
    • Though indefinite by default, the absolute quantifiers can be rendered definite through the use of a definite determiner.

noun

Philosophy Back to top  
  • 1A value or principle which is regarded as universally valid or which may be viewed without relation to other things: good and evil are presented as absolutes
    More example sentences
    • Their virtue is made of sterner stuff: principles, absolutes, black and white stuff that doesn't admit of any kind of grey.
    • Principles are not absolutes, but have to be given a weight.
    • The value and rightness of knowledge are not empirical absolutes, and the benefit of truth does not fit everyone the same.
  • 1.1 (the absolute) That which exists without being dependent on anything else.
    More example sentences
    • Chittamatra, or Mind-Only school, presents a threefold classification of reality as the imaginary, the dependent and the absolute.
    • The devotees sing bhajans, chant incantations, and priests perform aarti and puja, invoking the blessings of Shiva, the divine, the pure, the absolute.
    • The order of reason accepts that the world is the realm of the relative; the order of prophecy imposes upon the world the pattern of the absolute.
  • 1.2 (the Absolute) Ultimate reality; God.
    More example sentences
    • This path also includes Daath, the ultimate balance between the Absolute and Creation.
    • Left wing Hegelians associated the Absolute with material reality.
    • Harmonizing the aspects of the Ruach around the Sun prepares the aspirant for the leap into the Abyss, where all knowledge is challenged and shown as simply a facet, or a reflection, of the Absolute.

Derivatives

absoluteness

noun
More example sentences
  • No one should ever use the role of teacher to demean the ideas of others or insist on the absoluteness of an opinion, much less press erroneous assertions.
  • What unites both liberals and conservatives is their mutual insistence on the exclusivity and absoluteness of their vision.
  • The upsetting part of this story is the absoluteness of technology and the irrelevance of humanity.

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin absolutus 'freed, unrestricted', past participle of absolvere (see absolve).

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