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accusative

Line breaks: ac¦cusa|tive
Pronunciation: /əˈkjuːzətɪv
 
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Grammar

Definition of accusative in English:

adjective

(In Latin, Greek, German, and some other languages) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives which expresses the object of an action or the goal of motion.
Example sentences
  • In ordinary English this is a function that goes with accusative case on a pronoun: if you knock on my door and I call out Who is it?
  • So long as the payoff phrase is not actually a subject (even though it's interpreted as the subject), the basic case rule would predict accusative case.
  • However, when studying German I was taught some grammar: so I thus learned the difference between a past tense and a past participle, and the difference between the nominative and the accusative cases.

noun

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1A word in the accusative case.
Example sentences
  • Recall the fictional judge objecting to splitting in court, in one of the Rumpole stories; he used an accusative in a gerund object, even for a pronoun,
  • Gildersleeve and Lodge also point out that the Romans sometimes took the accusative of the Greek word to be the stem.
  • These would include the nominative (for the subject of a sentence), the accusative (for its object) and the genitive (to indicate possession).
1.1 (the accusative) The accusative case.
Example sentences
  • The nominal system distinguishes five cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative; the genitive and dative endings are always the same.
  • As students of the language may recall, German has four cases - nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative - which see words change in order to explain their relationship to each other.
  • Classical Mongolian had seven cases, all clearly distinguished, in contrast to Latin: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, ablative, instrumental, and comitative.

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin (casus) accusativus, literally 'relating to an accusation or (legal) case', translating Greek (ptōsis) aitiatikē '(the case) showing cause'.

Definition of accusative in:

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