noun[mass noun] Chemistry
A crystalline solid prepared by acetylation of aniline, used in dye manufacture.
- Chemical formula: C6H5NHCOCH3.
- When aniline is reacted with excess acetic acid under dehydration conditions a white, crystalline material is formed, acetanilide.
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- If each molecule of acetanilide produces one molecule of hydroge bromide, what volume of HBr gas should be evolved from the reaction?
Mid 19th century: from acet(yl) + anil(ine) + -ide.
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Line breaks: acet|anil¦ide
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