Definition of adjunct in English:

adjunct

Line breaks: ad|junct
Pronunciation: /ˈadʒʌŋ(k)t
 
/

noun

  • 1A thing added to something else as a supplementary rather than an essential part: computer technology is an adjunct to learning
    More example sentences
    • It assumes that the virtual is a substitute for the material realm, rather than an adjunct to it.
    • Staff members were instructed to use this tool solely for their daily routine, as an adjunct to, rather than an alternative to, formal interpretation.
    • For many men, playing the stockmarket is a profitable adjunct to supplement otherwise meagre incomes from the sale of surplus rice, coffee, cloves and vegetables.
    Synonyms
  • 1.1A person who is another’s assistant or subordinate: a talented adjunct desperately grabbing at officer status
    More example sentences
    • Sometimes he is also assisted by an adjunct who will later represent him during absences.
    • The courses are designed to be modular and scalable, so that teaching assistants and adjuncts can be slotted into courses as required.
    • I broke down grade inflation by instructor rank and found it is much higher among assistant professors, adjuncts, instructors, etc. than for associate or full professors.
  • 2 Grammar A word or phrase that constitutes an optional element or is considered of secondary importance in a sentence, for example on the table in we left some flowers on the table.
    More example sentences
    • The LION database of English poetry has 144 instances of ‘under God’, and quite a few of them seem to me to be unambiguously locative adjuncts modifying noun phrases.
    • When a sentence-initial adjunct needs to connect to a specific noun phrase deep in the following material, it can be confusing.
    • Adverbials integrated within the structure of the sentence are adjuncts.
  • 2.1(In systemic grammar) an obligatory or optional adverbial functioning as a constituent of clause structure.
    More example sentences
    • The sentence begins with what is traditionally known as an absolutive clausal adjunct - a gerund-participial clause functioning as an adjunct in clause structure.
    • Under God is a locative adjunct in the structure of a noun phrase.
    • Among the features indicating that an adverbial is an adjunct is the ability to be questioned and negated.

adjective

[attributive] Back to top  
  • 1Connected or added to something: other adjunct therapies include immunotherapy
    More example sentences
    • Alternatives to traditional remedial courses include tutoring and adjunct courses directly connected with regular college-level courses.
    • Acupuncture is employed in the Dade County Drug Court's treatment program on a volunteer basis as an adjunct therapy for attending defendants.
    • There does seem to be some adjunct therapy other than external beam radiation or chemotherapy that may be viable options and may decrease the amount of recurrence.
  • 1.1North American (Of an academic post) attached to the staff of a university in a temporary or assistant capacity: an adjunct professor of entomology
    More example sentences
    • As an adult, she has pursued a dual career as both an academic (currently an adjunct professor at the University of Toronto) and a dramatist.
    • Kristal Brent Zook, an adjunct professor at Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism, lives in Manhattan.
    • Now, Dr. Kuriansky represents the American Psychological Association and is also an adjunct assistant professor at the Department of Psychiatry at Columbia University.

Derivatives

adjunctive

Pronunciation: /əˈdʒʌŋ(k)tɪv/
adjective
More example sentences
  • To overcome some of the limitations associated with the procedure and to improve its outcome further, ‘stents’ were introduced as an adjunctive therapy.
  • It is used as an adjunctive treatment to help stimulate the immune system and increase body defenses.
  • Some of the adjunctive treatments she investigated there included support groups incorporating guided imagery, art and dance therapy, meditation, and ritual.

Origin

early 16th century (as an adjective meaning 'joined on, subordinate'): from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere (see adjoin).

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