noun (plural affinities)
- 1A natural liking for and understanding of someone or something: he had a special affinity with horsesMore example sentences
empathy, rapport, sympathy, accord, harmony, like-mindedness; closeness to, fellow feeling for, understanding of; liking for, fondness for, inclination towards, partiality for, penchant for, predilection towards, attraction towards• informal chemistryrelationship, bond, connection, propinquity
- They have a natural affinity with traditional country music which is the kind I do in my show.
- He was most at home when working on the land and had a natural affinity with country people.
- This dolphin later turned up in Grace Bay in 1980 and demonstrated a natural affinity with people.
- 1.1A similarity of characteristics suggesting a relationship, especially a resemblance in structure between animals, plants, or languages: a semantic affinity between two wordsMore example sentences
- Some authors have suggested a close relationship between cycads and Lyginopteris, but most favor an affinity to Medullosan seed plants.
- It seems that the dualistic language has an innate affinity to directive speech acts (in a second-person perspective).
- The researcher suggested a close affinity to Tetraodontiformes, although this idea has not been generally accepted.
- 1.2 [mass noun] Relationship, especially by marriage as opposed to blood ties: the distinction between kinship and affinity is not always clear-cutMore example sentences
- Across the continent there were marked continuities in physical characteristics and cultural features, and many linkages based on relations of kinship, affinity, exchange, and religion.
- Related to this notion of communal affinity is ‘social closure’.
- Peoples with no particular affinity toward each other are bound together in a state that was largely externally created and not the outcome of local political processes.
- 2chiefly Biochemistry The degree to which a substance tends to combine with another: the bacterial proteins bind to these molecules with high affinityMore example sentences
- Several of these results were based on measurements of binding affinities between specific residues in S4 and in the pore domain.
- In the context of the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen there are four primary regulators, each of which has a negative impact.
- Besides the long-range interactions it makes with neighboring protease residues, the binding affinity of a peptide also depends on its own conformation.
Middle English (in the sense 'relationship by marriage'): via Old French from Latin affinitas, from affinis 'related' (literally 'bordering on'), from ad- 'to' + finis 'border'.