Definition of algebra in English:
algebra
noun
 Among his many mathematical achievements can be included profound discoveries in logic, algebra and differential equations.
 Aitken's mathematical work was in statistics, numerical analysis, and algebra.
 König worked on a wide range of topics in algebra, number theory, geometry, set theory, and analysis.
 This was the time when Brauer made his fundamental contribution to the algebraic theory of simple algebras.…
 Malcev also studied Lie groups and topological algebras, producing a synthesis of algebra and mathematical logic.
 In 1870 Peirce published, at his own expense, Linear Associative Algebra a classification of all complex associative algebras of dimension less than seven.
Derivatives

algebraist
noun  Example sentences
 Or he might want to train future algebraists and maybe attract a few Ph.D. students for himself.
 Few algebraists seriously think about writing the great American comprehensive algebra text.
 In other words, like many other algebraists, Chinese or not, he demonstrates algebra by using it…
Origin
Late Middle English: from Italian, Spanish, and medieval Latin, from Arabic aljabr 'the reunion of broken parts', 'bonesetting', from jabara 'reunite, restore'. The original sense, 'the surgical treatment of fractures', probably came via Spanish, in which it survives; the mathematical sense comes from the title of a book, ‘ilm aljabr wa'lmuqābala 'the science of restoring what is missing and equating like with like', by the mathematician alḴwārizmī (see algorithm).
Bonesetting does not seem to have much to do with mathematics, but there is a connection in the word algebra. It comes from the Arabic aljabr ‘the reunion of broken parts’, used specifically to refer to the surgical treatment of fractures and to bonesetting. Algebra was used in this meaning in English in the 16th century. The mathematical sense comes from the title of a 9thcentury Arabic book ilm aljabr wa'lmukabala, ‘the science of restoring what is missing and equating like with like’, written by the mathematician alKwarizmi (c.790–c.840).
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Line breaks: al¦gebra
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