Definition of alicyclic in English:

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alicyclic

Pronunciation: /ˌalɪˈsʌɪklɪk/
Pronunciation: /ˌalɪˈsɪklɪk/
Chemistry

adjective

Relating to or denoting organic compounds which combine cyclic structure with aliphatic properties, e.g. cyclohexane and other saturated cyclic hydrocarbons. Compare with aromatic.
Example sentences
  • Its solubility is very high in polar organic solvents as well as in benzene but it is only sparingly soluble in aliphatic or alicyclic organic solvents like hexane and cyclohexane.
  • Among the 4800 constituents of tobacco smoke, researchers have identified more than 100 alkanes, 150 alkenes and 55 alicyclic hydrocarbons.
  • The alicyclic compounds have one or more rings.

noun

An alicyclic compound.
Example sentences
  • The characteristic that distinguishes benzene from the aliphatics and alicyclics, and that defines the aromatics, is the arrangement of electrons in the ring.
  • They are immiscible with many organic solvents, particularly linear hydrocarbons and alicyclics like cyclopentane.
  • The further separation yielded 12 fractions containing aliphatic and alicyclic, 24 containing aromatic and 1 containing nitrogen, sulphur and oxygen containing compounds (NSO fraction).

Origin

Late 19th century: blend of aliphatic and cyclic.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: ali|cyc¦lic

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