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apoptosis

Line breaks: apop|tosis
Pronunciation: /ˌapə(p)ˈtəʊsɪs
 
/

Definition of apoptosis in English:

noun

[mass noun] Physiology
The death of cells which occurs as a normal and controlled part of an organism’s growth or development. Also called programmed cell death.
Example sentences
  • Programmed cell death by apoptosis plays a key role in molding the form of chick and mammalian limbs, especially the digits.
  • Radioiodine can cause significant apoptosis and mitotic cell death in the thyroid tissue.
  • In addition, the signals that lead a cell to necrosis or apoptosis remain to be elucidated.

Origin

1970s: from Greek apoptōsis 'falling off', from apo 'from' + ptōsis 'falling, a fall'.

Derivatives

apoptotic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈtɒtɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • This removal of apoptotic neutrophils by macrophage phagocytosis is a critical process for the resolution of inflammation.
  • We recommend further evaluation using additional special techniques for detecting apoptotic leukocytes.
  • They are thought to represent lysosomal globules, composed of apoptotic bodies phagocytosed by the tumor cells.

Definition of apoptosis in:

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