Definition of archaeology in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˌɑːkɪˈɒlədʒi/
(US also archeology)


[mass noun]
The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artefacts and other physical remains.
Example sentences
  • Jaromir Malek studied Egyptology and archaeology at Charles University, Prague.
  • I am not a professional archaeologist, but a member of the public with an interest in archaeology and history.
  • The awkward relationship between archaeology and history is an old problem.



(also archaeologise) verb
Example sentences
  • Though impressive in scale, the architecture is not specific enough to invite fussy archeologizing.
  • Having exhausted sites of the remote past, Berlin is now archeologizing itself.
  • It is in this currently very momentous site of literary and cultural research that I am comparatively archeologizing.


Early 17th century (in the sense 'ancient history'): from modern Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia 'ancient history', from arkhaios 'ancient'. The current sense dates from the mid 19th century.

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