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archaeology

Line breaks: archae|ology
Pronunciation: /ˌɑːkɪˈɒlədʒi
 
/
(US also archeology)

Definition of archaeology in English:

noun

[mass noun]
The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artefacts and other physical remains.
Example sentences
  • Jaromir Malek studied Egyptology and archaeology at Charles University, Prague.
  • I am not a professional archaeologist, but a member of the public with an interest in archaeology and history.
  • The awkward relationship between archaeology and history is an old problem.

Origin

early 17th century (in the sense 'ancient history'): from modern Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia 'ancient history', from arkhaios 'ancient'. The current sense dates from the mid 19th century.

Derivatives

archaeologic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈlɒdʒɪk/
adjective
Example sentences
  • According to the archaeologic context and surrounding findings, the mummy could be dated to a period between 1000 and 700 Bc.
  • The mounting archeologic information led to the compelling hypothesis that tuberculosis began in the Neolithic period, when the causative microbes spread from wild buffalo to the humans who succeeded in domesticating them.
  • I see mobile images as a living archeologic anthropology.

archaeological

2
Pronunciation: /-ˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/
adjective
Example sentences
  • One example that may well become very relevant in the next year or two is how we control archaeological excavations.
  • Silbury is covered with scars, many the result of archaeological and antiquarian excavations.
  • These questions can only be answered through the careful archaeological excavation of the site.

archaeologically

3
Pronunciation: /-ˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)li/
adverb
Example sentences
  • The incoming Germanic peoples were pagans and are most visible archaeologically by their distinctive burials and the grave goods that accompanied their dead into the afterlife.
  • Settlements were often small, represented archaeologically by stone scatters and traces of a tented encampment.
  • The picture emerging for the corn hill sites is generally consistent with the suggested historic affiliations, though this can hardly be considered to have been adequately explored archaeologically.

archaeologist

4
noun
Example sentences
  • Many museums have archaeologists and will have archaeological material on display.
  • Although I am a Palaeolithic archaeologist now, my interests were largely Roman at the time.
  • In 1888, the British archeologist W.M. Flinders Petrie discovered a major Roman-period cemetery with many mummy portraits at Hawara, the necropolis of Arsinoe.

archaeologize

5
(also archaeologise) verb
Example sentences
  • Though impressive in scale, the architecture is not specific enough to invite fussy archeologizing.
  • Having exhausted sites of the remote past, Berlin is now archeologizing itself.
  • It is in this currently very momentous site of literary and cultural research that I am comparatively archeologizing.

Definition of archaeology in:

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