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archon Line breaks: ar¦chon
Pronunciation: /ˈɑːkən/

Definition of archon in English:


Each of the nine chief magistrates in ancient Athens.
Example sentences
  • At the beginning of every year, dramatists submitted their plays to the archon, or chief magistrate.
  • He writes, ‘the meaning of ‘archive,’ its only meaning, comes to it from the Greek arkheion: initially a house, a domicile, an address, the residence of the superior magistrates, the archons, those who commanded’ .
  • Interestingly, Meritt initially raised 412/1 as a possibility, restoring Kallias as the archon, an individual whose demotic matched that preserved on fragment 1, Skambonides.


Example sentences
  • In addition, anyone convicted of dishonouring his parents could be struck off the citizen-lists and was considered automatically disqualified from an archonship, or from the right to address the people.
  • This took place in the archonship of Hegesias, five years after the first establishment of his rule.
  • After the war, Aristides was instrumental in making the archonships open to all male citizens.


Late 16th century: from Greek arkhōn 'ruler', noun use of the present participle of arkhein 'to rule'.

Definition of archon in:
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