Definition of atheroma in English:


Line breaks: ath¦er|oma
Pronunciation: /ˌaθəˈrəʊmə


[mass noun] Medicine
  • 1Degeneration of the walls of the arteries caused by accumulated fatty deposits and scar tissue, and leading to restriction of the circulation and a risk of thrombosis. See also atherosclerosis.
    More example sentences
    • The early lesions of calcific degenerative disease resemble atheroma of the coronary artery.
    • If the ultrasound shows stenosis or atheroma, the patient should understand the risks and benefits of the procedure.
    • For subjects who were 45-69 yr of age, Crawford and Crawford reported no difference in the prevalence of extensive atheroma or significant stenosis between residents of hard-water and soft-water areas.
  • 1.1The fatty material which forms deposits in the arteries.
    More example sentences
    • Angina happens when the coronary arteries get blocked up with small pieces of fatty material called atheroma.
    • Ultrasound devices provide reliable measurements of lumen size, distensibility, wall thickness, and the presence of atheroma in large arteries.



More example sentences
  • Additionally, care must be taken when dissecting the carotid vessels to avoid disturbing the atheromatous lesions causing fragmentation and subsequent embolization and stroke.
  • Inflammatory processes are believed to play a role in the conversion of coronary vessel-wall lipids into dangerous atheromatous plaques.
  • This is often induced by physical exertion, and the commonest aetiology is atheromatous coronary artery disease.


late 16th century: via Latin from Greek athērōma, from athērē, atharē 'groats'.

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