Share this entry
axon Line breaks: axon
Pronunciation: /ˈaksɒn/

Definition of axon in English:


The long thread-like part of a nerve cell along which impulses are conducted from the cell body to other cells. Compare with dendrite.
Example sentences
  • In contrast to the innervation of the proximal esophagus, axons from vagal neurons synapse within ganglia of the myenteric plexus.
  • The nerve fibres in the optic tract (the axons of retinal ganglion cells) terminate in two main areas of the brain.
  • Neurites are the long projections of nerve cell bodies called axons and dendrites.


Example sentences
  • It is also possible, however, that direct compression of axons may induce axonal damage independent of Schwann cell dysfunction.
  • None of the cases had strongly beta-APP-immunoreactive beaded or swollen axonal segments indicative of axonal damage.
  • The viral capsid is transported to the dorsal root ganglion in neurons via retrograde axonal flow.


Mid 19th century (denoting the body axis): from Greek axōn 'axis'.

Definition of axon in:
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources