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benign

Line breaks: be¦nign
Pronunciation: /bɪˈnʌɪn
 
/

Definition of benign in English:

adjective

1Gentle and kind: his benign but firm manner
More example sentences
  • What makes an otherwise gentle and benign guy like him speak so callously and cruelly of 950 deaths?
  • Visually, the show is a treat, and the tone is mostly benign and gentle.
  • She was so gentle and benign, but worked so cleverly with people.
Synonyms
1.1(Of a climate or environment) mild and favourable: the climate becomes more benign as we move nearer to the Black Sea
More example sentences
  • Jersey's benign climate and free-draining sandy soil provide the ideal environment for over 80 species of lavender.
  • We often work in a benign weather environment, but we always should be prepared to handle weather contingencies.
  • The opposite is true for most Australian wine production, where a benign climate and massive hydroponic systems deliver grapes that are almost identical from one year to the next.
Synonyms
temperate, mild, gentle, clement, calm, balmy, pleasant, agreeable, soft, soothing, refreshing;
healthy, health-giving, wholesome, salubrious
favourable, advantageous, beneficial;
helpful, propitious, auspicious, lucky, opportune, fortunate, providential, encouraging, benevolent, conducive;
1.2Not harmful to the environment: the cycle as a benign form of transport [in combination]: an ozone-benign refrigerant
2 Medicine (Of a disease) not harmful in effect: a benign condition
More example sentences
  • In actual fact, for the vast majority of cases, the childhood infectious diseases are benign and self-limiting.
  • Her past medical history was significant only for an abdominal hysterectomy performed more than 10 years earlier for benign disease.
  • Levels exceeding 10 ng per mL are rarely due to benign disease.
2.1(Of a tumour) not malignant: benign growths
More example sentences
  • It is currently believed that most colorectal carcinomas start as benign adenomas that undergo malignant transformation into adenocarcinoma.
  • The difference between malignant and benign tumours is that malignant tumours have the ability to invade surrounding areas.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma is a benign neoplasm that occurs in major or minor salivary glands.
Synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French benigne, from Latin benignus, probably from bene 'well' + -genus '-born'. Compare with gentle1.

Derivatives

benignity

1
noun
Example sentences
  • He was bountiful to the poor and like a father to widows, and with benignity guided his people ever to righteousness, and controlled the violent, and lived happily in the true faith.
  • It is the state of tranquility, benignity and without comparison.
  • A calcified central nidus, a laminated pattern, diffuse calcifications or a ‘popcorn’ pattern all suggest benignity.

benignly

2
adverb
Example sentences
  • The city bristles with billboards, the Chief Minister's face looking down benignly on commuters, urging them to pay their electricity bills on time and online.
  • Then the colonial governments had the idea, benignly intended, of protecting the peasant growers from the fluctuations of the marketplace.
  • The team looked on benignly because, at that stage, they were level and the game was turning their way.

Definition of benign in:

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