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bile

Line breaks: bile
Pronunciation: /bʌɪl
 
/

Definition of bile in English:

noun

[mass noun]
1A bitter greenish-brown alkaline fluid which aids digestion and is secreted by the liver and stored in the gall bladder.
Example sentences
  • The main function of the gallbladder is to store bile, a digestive fluid produced by the liver.
  • The gallbladder is a small muscular sac located under the liver that stores bile secreted by the liver.
  • The gall bladder receives bile from the liver, stores and concentrates it, and delivers it to the intestine as required.
2Anger, bitterness, or irritability: his response was full of bile and hatred
More example sentences
  • Scratch the surface and all you'll find resentment, bitterness and bile!
  • There's sheer anger and sheer angst, there's bile and hatred, there is loathing.
  • I can feel anger and bile rising in me, rising up out of the years of desperation and hollow fury.

Origin

mid 16th century: from French, from Latin bilis.

More
  • yellow from (Old English):

    As with other colour words such as auburn and brown, the root of yellow probably referred to a wider range of colours than the modern word. It shares an ancestor with gold ( see golden), but is also related to gall (Old English), bile (mid 17th century), and the final element of melancholy, all of which derive from the greenish colour of bile. The yellow egg yolk (Old English), which could be spelt yelk into the 17th century, was also related to yellow. In the 17th century yellow rather than green was the colour of jealousy, possibly with the idea of a jealous person being ‘jaundiced’ or bitter. The word jaundice (Middle English) is from Old French jaune ‘yellow’, from the symptomatic yellowish complexion. Yellow is now associated with cowardice, a link that began in the 1850s in the USA. Since the 1920s a coward has been said to be yellow-bellied or a yellow-belly.

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