A magnified shadow of an observer, typically surrounded by rainbow-like bands, which may be thrown on to a bank of cloud that is below him (as may happen in a mountain area) when the sun is low.
- The phenomenon is usually referred to as a Brocken spectre as it can often be seen on the Brocken peak in the Hartz mountains of Germany.
- In May 1887, a paper of mine was read before the Royal Meteorological Society on Brocken spectres and the bows that often accompany them.
- An early written account of the startling phenomenon know in mountainous districts as the Brocken spectre was provided three centuries ago by John Aubrey in his unpublished work ‘Memoires of Natural Remarques in the County of Wilts.’
Early 19th century: named after Brocken, where the phenomenon was first reported.
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